Optimization of apertures and collimators for multi-channel plasma diagnostics

TitleOptimization of apertures and collimators for multi-channel plasma diagnostics
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsL.C Ingesson, D.J Wilson
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume73
Number8
Pagination2890-2899
Date PublishedAug
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0034-6748
Accession NumberISI:000177055200012
Keywords2-DIMENSIONAL TOMOGRAPHY, BOLOMETRY, TOKAMAK, X-RAY TOMOGRAPHY
Abstract

Aperture, pin-hole and collimator detection systems are often used in plasma diagnostics, for example, in soft x-ray detection and bolometer systems. In this article the simultaneous optimization of viewing-beam overlap and light yield is considered in multi-channel aperture and collimator systems for two-dimensional (2D) tomography. This article briefly highlights the relation between beamwidth overlap and spatial aliasing in tomography, and how aliasing can be avoided in theory and in practice. Three-dimensional (3D) single-channel aperture and collimator systems can be approximated by a combination of two planar systems if the aperture is rectangular. Three ways to optimize beamwidth overlap and light yield for planar aperture and collimator systems are considered in detail: overlap of the angular etendue at the full width at half maximum (FWHM), overlap of the geometric function at the FWHM a certain distance from the aperture, and arbitrary overlap for a given maximum beamwidth. The combination of 2D effects from all three optimization methods were used in the design of 3D apertures for a new multi-channel bolometer camera on the Joint European Torus tokamak. The resulting apertures are complex, but the new camera has several advantages over previous cameras. (C) 2002 American Institute of Physics.

URL<Go to ISI>://000177055200012
Division

Fusion Physics

Department

Instrumentation development

PID

d8c0f5d8e718a7abe7473eb55294a8fb

Alternate TitleRev. Sci. Instrum.

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