KEROGREEN, a sustainable kerosene project is a European Horizon 2020 funded research project coordinated by DIFFER and carried out in collaboration with KIT (D), Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, VITO (B), Flemish Institute for Technology Research, HyGear (NL) an SME in special gas supply systems, CerPotech (N) a ceramic powder SME and INERATEC (D) a synthetic fuel system SME.
Aviation is a striking example of a sector that is difficult to decarbonise, because batteries, hydrogen and hybrid combinations are limited by their low energy density, whilst bio-fuel is limited by the fuel vs. food and flora trilemma. The KEROGREEN project offers an innovative third way by producing green kerosene, synthesised from air and water, powered by renewable electricity (wind, waves, solar) and recapturing the carbon emitted from the atmosphere, creating a closed carbon fuel cycle consistent with the circular economy principle.
An important advantage of green kerosene as an aviation fuel is that existing infrastructure for storage, transport, filling of aircraft and jet engine technology can be kept unchanged. Furthermore, synthetic green kerosene, emits no sulphur and less soot, whilst NOx emission are minimised. The KEROGREEN technology will be modular, scalable and well suited to small-scale distributed production plants sited in remote areas, for example an off-shore wind turbine park or a desert solar farm. The 4-year project aims at building a container sized unit producing 1 ltr/hr of kerosene.
The KEROGREEN project aligns well with the DIFFER Solar Fuels research programme carried out in the electro-chemistry and plasma chemistry groups.