Our research

Facilities & Instrumentation

DIFFER offers access to its research facilities to other researchers. Start measuring at our Magnum-PSI, UPP, Ion Beam Facility, or Solar Fuels Lab. Our experienced in-house engineers and workshops provide support to all facilities. Additionally, DIFFER has an extensive number of more routine materials synthesis and characterisation tools and diagnostics equipment such as electron microscopes, Raman and FTIR spectrometers and (tunable) laser facilities from the ultraviolet to the infrared.

Magnum-PSI - materials under fusion reactor conditions

Magnum-PSI is the world's only laboratory facility that can test materials under intense heat and particle impacts: the conditions in ITER and future nuclear fusion reactors. An extensive set of diagnostics allow for detailed studies of evolving materials properties. Magnum-PSI is open to external users in collaboration with our in-house research groups. Request beam time on Magnum-PSI

Upgraded Pilot-PSI (UPP)

UPP combines the potentials of a high flux magnetized linear plasma generator and with operando ion beam analysis to study the dynamic and steady-state plasma-material interaction during plasma exposure. Request beam time on Upgraded Pilot-PSI

Ion Beam Facility - in-depth studies of energy materials

The Ion Beam Facility (IBF) can be used to do ion beam analysis for non-destructive research of material properties, and ion-irradiation for defect engineering. For example, with the Ion Beam Facility you can do tests to improve the catalytic properties of materials and surfaces in easing chemical reactions. Or you can investigate what happens to materials that are exposed to the extreme conditions in a nuclear fusion reactor. The 3.5 MV ion accelerator is the only one in the Netherlands. Request beam time at the Ion Beam Facility

Solar Fuels Lab – understanding chemistry from atomic to macroscale

The Solar Fuels Lab focuses on the storage of photons and electrons in form of fuels and feedstock. What processes and (nano)materials can use sunlight to break and form molecular bonds? How to synthesize chemicals using renewable electrons in (plasma-activated) electrochemistry?


DIFFER is a member of the EUROfusion consortium, which comprises 31 fusion research organisations and universities from 26 European member states plus the UK, Norway, Switzerland and Ukraine.