Current fast ion collective Thomson scattering diagnostics at TEXTOR and ASDEX Upgrade, and ITER plans (invited)

TitleCurrent fast ion collective Thomson scattering diagnostics at TEXTOR and ASDEX Upgrade, and ITER plans (invited)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsS.B Korsholm, H. Bindslev, F. Meo, F. Leipold, P.K Michelsen, S. Michelsen, S.K. Nielsen, E.L Tsakadze, P. Woskov, E. Westerhof, J.W Oosterbeek, J. Hoekzema, F. Leuterer, D. Wagner
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Date PublishedOct
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0034-6748
Accession NumberISI:000241722800088

Fast ion physics will play an important role on ITER where confined alpha particles will affect plasma dynamics and overall confinement. Fast ion collective Thomson scattering (CTS) using gyrotrons has the potential to meet the need for measuring the spatially localized velocity distributions of confined fast ions in ITER. Currently, CTS experiments are performed at TEXTOR using a 150 kW, 0.2 s, 110 GHz gyrotron and a receiver upgraded at the Ris phi National Laboratory. The gyrotron and receiver optics have also been upgraded for rapid scanning during a plasma shot. The receiver consists of a nine-mirror quasioptical transmission line including a universal polarizer and a 42-channel data acquisition system, which allows complete coverage of the double sideband scattered spectrum for localized (similar to 10 cm) time resolved (4 ms) measurements of the ion velocity distribution. At ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) a similar 50-channel CTS receiver has been installed. This CTS system will use the 105 GHz frequency of a dual frequency gyrotron. The gyrotron is presently being commissioned. CTS campaigns are scheduled for the summer of 2006 with a probe power of up to 1 MW for 10 s. This report presents the alignment of the quasioptical transmission line, calibration, and gyrotron tuning of the TEXTOR and AUG CTS systems. We will also review the progress on the design of the proposed fast ion CTS diagnostic for ITER. It is envisaged that scattered radiation from two 60 GHz probe beams launched from the low field side midplane port will be received by two arrays of receivers located on the low and high field sides of the plasma. This geometry will allow the ion velocity distribution near perpendicular and near parallel to the magnetic field to be measured in ten or more spatial locations covering the full plasma cross section. The temporal resolution can be significantly better than the required 100 ms. (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics.

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Fusion Physics


Instrumentation development



Alternate TitleRev. Sci. Instrum.

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