Comparison of hybrid and baseline ELMy H-mode confinement in JET with the carbon wall

TitleComparison of hybrid and baseline ELMy H-mode confinement in JET with the carbon wall
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsM.NA Beurskens, L. Frassinetti, C. Challis, T. Osborne, P.B Snyder, B. Alper, C. Angioni, C. Bourdelle, P. Buratti, F. Crisanti, E. Giovannozzi, C. Giroud, R. Groebner, J. Hobirk, I. Jenkins, E. Joffrin, M.J Leyland, P. Lomas, P. Mantica, D. McDonald, I. Nunes, F. Rimini, S. Saarelma, I. Voitsekhovitch, P. de Vries, D. Zarzoso
JournalNuclear Fusion
Date PublishedJan
ISBN Number0029-5515

The confinement in JET baseline type I ELMy H-mode plasmas is compared to that in so-called hybrid H-modes in a database study of 112 plasmas in JET with the carbon fibre composite (CFC) wall. The baseline plasmas typically have beta(Nu) similar to 1.5-2, H-98 similar to 1, whereas the hybrid plasmas have beta(Nu) similar to 2.5-3, H98 < 1.5. The database study contains both low-( delta similar to 0.2-0.25) and high-triangularity ( delta similar to 0.4) hybrid and baseline H-mode plasmas from the last JET operational campaigns in the CFC wall from the period 2008-2009. Based on a detailed confinement study of the global as well as the pedestal and core confinement, there is no evidence that the hybrid and baseline plasmas form separate confinement groups; it emerges that the transition between the two scenarios is of a gradual kind rather than demonstrating a bifurcation in the confinement. The elevated confinement enhancement factor H98 in the hybrid plasmas may possibly be explained by the density dependence in the tau(98) scaling as n(0.41) and the fact that the hybrid plasmas operate at low plasma density compared to the baseline ELMy H-mode plasmas. A separate regression on the confinement data in this study shows a reduction in the density dependence as n(0.09 +/- 0.08). Furthermore, inclusion of the plasma toroidal rotation in the confinement regression provides a scaling with the toroidal Alfven Mach number as Mach(A)(0.41 +/- 0.07) A and again a reduced density dependence as n(0.15 +/- 0.08). The differences in pedestal confinement can be explained on the basis of linear MHD stability through a coupling of the total and pedestal poloidal pressure and the pedestal performance can be improved through plasma shaping as well as high beta operation. This has been confirmed in a comparison with the EPED1 predictive pedestal code which shows a good agreement between the predicted and measured pedestal pressure within 20-30% for a wide range of beta(Nu) similar to 1.5-3.5. The core profiles show a strong degree of pressure profile consistency. No beneficial effect of core density peaking on confinement could be identified for the majority of the plasmas presented here as the density peaking is compensated by a temperature de-peaking resulting in no or only a weak variation in the pressure peaking. The core confinement could only be optimized in case the ions and electrons are decoupled, in which case the ion temperature profile peaking can be enhanced, which benefits confinement. In this study, the latter has only been achieved in the low-triangularity hybrid plasmas, and can be attributed to low-density operation. Plasma rotation has been found to reduce core profile stiffness, and can explain an increase in profile peaking at small radius rho(tor) = 0.3.







Alternate TitleNucl. Fusion

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