Tailoring the charged particle fluxes across the target surface of Magnum-PSI

TitleTailoring the charged particle fluxes across the target surface of Magnum-PSI
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsC. Costin, V. Anita, G. Popa, J. Scholten, G. De Temmerman
JournalPlasma Sources Science and Technology

Linear plasma generators are plasma devices designed to study fusion-relevant plasma-surface interactions. The first requirement for such devices is to operate with adjustable and well characterized plasma parameters. In the linear plasma device Magnum-PSI, the distribution of the charged particle flux across the target surface can be tailored by the target bias. The process is based on the radial inhomogeneity of the plasma column and it is evidenced by electrical measurements via a 2D multi-probe system installed as target. Typical results are reported for a hydrogen discharge operated at 125 A and confined by a magnetic field strength of 0.95 T in the middle of the coils. The probes were biased in the range of  −80 to  −25 V, while the floating potential of the target was about  −35 V. The results were obtained in steady-state regime of Magnum-PSI, being time-averaged over any type of fluctuations. Depending on the relative value of the target bias voltage with respect to the local floating potential in the plasma column, the entire target surface can be exposed to ion or electron dominated flux, respectively, or it can be divided into two adjacent zones: one exposed to electron flux and the other to ion flux. As a consequence of this effect, a floating conductive surface that interacts with an inhomogeneous plasma is exposed to non-zero local currents despite its overall null current and it is subjected to internal current flows.





Alternate TitlePlasma Sources Sci. Technol.

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