A 2.5 T, 1.25 m Free Bore Superconducting Magnet for the Magnum-PSI Linear Plasma Generator

TitleA 2.5 T, 1.25 m Free Bore Superconducting Magnet for the Magnum-PSI Linear Plasma Generator
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsH.JN van Eck, H.HJTen Kate, A.V Dudarev, T. Mulder, A. Hervé
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

DIFFER's main experiment Magnum-PSI is the only laboratory setup in the world capable of exposing materials to plasma conditions similar to those of future fusion reactors. The success of the Magnum-PSI experiment depends on the generation of a 2.5 T magnetic field without restricting the diagnostic access and operational aspects of the experiment. This has been achieved with a magnet consisting of five superconducting solenoids wound on a 2.5 m long stainless steel coil former positioned in a cryostat offering a 1.25 m warm bore. A copper stabilized multifilamentary NbTi conductor with a 3.48 mm 2 cross section has been used, thus the magnet exhibits a total inductance of 500 H and a stored energy of 16 MJ. This presents quite a challenge for the protection scheme that has been implemented using a mix of back-to-back cold diodes and external dump resistors. The coils generate a plateau shaped magnetic field adjustable up to 2.5 T while the distance between the coils allows for 16 room temperature view-ports. The coils are cooled with liquid helium using a re-condensing system operated with cryocoolers, while the magnet system cycles between zero and full field up to once per day.





Alternate TitleIEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.

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