Studying the influence of nitrogen seeding in a detached-like hydrogen plasma by means of numerical simulations

TitleStudying the influence of nitrogen seeding in a detached-like hydrogen plasma by means of numerical simulations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsR. Perillo, R. Chandra, G. Akkermans, W.AJ Vijvers, W. Graef, I.GJ Classen, J. van Dijk, M. de Baar
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

The leading candidate for impurity seeding in ITER is currently nitrogen. To date, there are only a few studies on the plasma chemistry driven by N2/H2 seeding and its effect on the molecular-activated recombination of incoming atomic hydrogen ions in a detached-like scenario. Numerical simulations are needed to provide insights into such mechanisms. The numerous amount of plasma chemical reactions that may occur in such an environment cannot be entirely included in a 2 or 3 -dimensional code such as Eirene. A complete global plasma model, implemented with more than 100 plasma chemical equations and 20 species, has been set up on the basis of Plasimo code. This study shows two main nitrogen-included recombination reaction paths resulted to be dominant, i.e. the ion conversion of NH followed by dissociative recombination and a proton transfer between H2+ and N2, producing N2H+. These two processes are referred to as N-MAR (nitrogen-molecular activated recombination) and have subsequently been implemented into Eunomia, a spatially-resolved Monte Carlo code, designed to simulate the neutrals inventory in linear plasma machines such as Pilot-PSI and Magnum-PSI. To study the effect of N2 on the overall recombination, three cases of study have been set up: from a defined puffing location with a constant total seeding rate of H2 + N2, three N2 ratios have been simulated, i.e. 0, 5 and 10%. The parameter monitored is the density of atomic hydrogen, being the final hydrogenic product of any recombination mechanism in the scenario considered. The difference in H density between the 0% case and the 10% case is about a factor 3. The importance of NH as electron donor is highlighted and N-MARs confirmed as reaction routes enhancing the conversion of ions to neutrals, making the heat loads to the divertor plate more tolerable. This work is a further step towards the full understanding of the role of N2-H2 molecules in a detached divertor plasma.





Alternate TitlePlasma Phys. Control. Fusion

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