Excitation and relaxation of the asymmetric stretch mode of CO2 in a pulsed glow discharge

TitleExcitation and relaxation of the asymmetric stretch mode of CO2 in a pulsed glow discharge
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsB.LM Klarenaar, A.S Morillo, M. Grofulovic, M.CM van de Sanden, R. Engeln, O. Guaitella
JournalPlasma Sources Science and Technology
Volume28
Issue3
Pagination035011
Abstract

The excitation and relaxation of the vibrations of CO2 as well as the reduction of CO2 to CO are studied in a pulsed glow discharge. Two diagnostics are employed: (1) time-resolved in situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and (2) spatiotemporally resolved in situ rotational Raman spectroscopy. Experiments are conducted within a pressure range of 1.3–6.7 mbar and a current range of 10–50 mA. In the afterglow, the rate of exponential decay from the asymmetric stretch temperature (T 3) to the rotational temperature (T rot) is found to be only dependent on T rot, in the conditions under study. The decay rate rho T 3 - T rot follows the relation rho T 3-T rot=388 s-1 exp(T rot - 273 K / 154 K). Pressure and varying concentrations of CO and (presumably) atomic oxygen did not show to be of significant influence. In the active part of the discharge the excitation of T 3 showed to be positively related to current and negatively to pressure. However, the contribution of current to vibrational excitation is ambiguous: the conversion of CO2 and therefore the fraction of CO in the discharge, is found to be strongly dependent on the current, with a conversion factor of 0.05–0.18 for 10–50 mA, while CO can contribute to the excitation through near-resonant collisions. A clear relation between the elevation of T 3 and the dissociation of CO2 could not be confirmed, though conversion peaks are observed in the near afterglow, which motivate future experiments on vibrational ladder-climbing directly after termination of the discharge.

DOI10.1088/1361-6595/aada5e
Division

MaSF

Department

MaSF-E

PID

d31c4c69fd683a2828c65014111ade0d

Alternate TitlePlasma Sources Sci. Technol.

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