A reaction mechanism for vibrationally-cold low-pressure CO2 plasmas

TitleA reaction mechanism for vibrationally-cold low-pressure CO2 plasmas
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsA.F. Silva, A.S. Morillo, A. Tejero-del-Caz, L.L. Alves, O. Guaitella, V. Guerra
JournalPlasma Sources Science and Technology

The use of plasmas for CO2 utilization has been under investigation in recent years following a wave of environmental awareness. In this work, previously published experimental results on vibrationally cold CO2 plasmas are modelled to define a reaction mechanism, i.e. a set of reactions and rate coefficients validated against benchmark experiments. The model couples self-consistently the electron and heavy particle kinetics. In turn, the simulated results are validated against measurements taken in CO2 DC glow discharges in a relatively large range of experimental conditions: at pressures from 0.4 to 5 Torr, reduced electric fields ranging from 50 to 100 Td and gas flowing from 2 to 8 sccm. The model predicts the measured values of product formation (CO and O) as well as discharge power and electric field. After validation, a thorough analysis of the model's results is presented, including: electron properties, species densities, power distribution into different excitation channels and main creation and destruction mechanisms of the main species. It is shown that, although vibrational populations are low, they have a significant effect on the electron properties and thus on the electric field and conversion. Moreover, the shape of the EEDF is significantly dependent on the dissociation degree. The role of electronically excited states on CO2 dissociation is also analyzed, showing that the first electronic excited state of CO can have a beneficial or detrimental effect in further producing CO and O in the discharge.







Alternate TitlePlasma Sources Sci. Technol.

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