Power balance analysis at the L-H transition in JET-ILW NBI-heated deuterium plasmas

TitlePower balance analysis at the L-H transition in JET-ILW NBI-heated deuterium plasmas
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsP. Vincenzi, E.R. Solano, E. Delabie, C. Bourdelle, G. Snoep, A. Baciero, G. Birkenmeier, P. Carvalho, M. Cavedon, J. Citrin, M. Chernyshova, J. Fontdecaba, J.C. Hillesheim, A. Huber, C. Maggi, S. Menmuir, F.I. Parra, JET Contributors
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

The understanding of the physics underlying the L-H transition has strong implications for ITER experimental reactor and demonstration power plant (DEMO). In many tokamaks, including JET, it has been observed that, at a particular plasma density, n e,min , the power necessary to access H-mode P L-H is minimum. In the present work, L-H transitions of JET deuterium plasmas heated by neutral beam injection (NBI) are studied for the first time by means of a power balance analysis to characterize the main contributions in the transition, through integrated transport modelling. In the pulses analysed, we do observe a minimum of the L-H power threshold in density, indicating the presence of density branches and of n e,min . Electron and ion heat fluxes at the transition are estimated separately. The electron/ion equipartition power results in favour of the ions, as shown by QuaLiKiz quasilinear gyrokinetic simulations, which predict a larger ion transport that causes T e > T i. The resulting edge ion heat flux also shows a clear change of slope below n e,min , similarly to ASDEX-Upgrade (AUG) NBI pulses (Ryter et al 2014 Nucl. Fusion 54 083003). JET NBI data are compared to radio-frequency heated AUG and Alcator C-mod pulses (Schmidtmayr et al 2018 Nucl. Fusion 58 056003), showing a different trend of the power, coupled to ions at the L-H transition with respect to the linearity observed in the radio-frequency heated plasmas. The presence of n e,min and the role of the ion heat flux is discussed in the paper, although it seems it is not possible to explain the presence of a P L-H minimum in density by a critical ion heat flux and by the equipartition power for the JET NBI-heated plasmas analysed.







Alternate TitlePlasma Phys. Control. Fusion

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