Reducing tin droplet ejection from capillary porous structures under hydrogen plasma exposure in Magnum-PSI

TitleReducing tin droplet ejection from capillary porous structures under hydrogen plasma exposure in Magnum-PSI
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsJ.G.A Scholte, M. Iafrati, S.S.H. Lam, B. Tyburska-Pueschel, M. Riepen, F. Brochard, M.M.P. Vissers, T.W. Morgan
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
Date Published03/2022

Liquid metal based divertors could be a more robust alternative to a solid tungsten design for DEMO. The liquid is confined in a sponge-like tungsten layer, called a capillary porous structure (CPS). It has been found previously that under certain conditions, many tin droplets eject from a CPS when it is brought into contact with a hydrogen plasma. These would present a contamination issue for the plasma core. Stability analysis suggests that droplet ejection can be suppressed by reduction of the pore size. To test this, stainless-steel CPS targets with pore size ranging from 0.5-100um filled with tin were exposed to identical loading conditions. This was done in the linear plasma device Magnum-PSI, capable of reaching divertor relevant plasma conditions. Furthermore, the influence of the CPS manufacturing techniques is considered by comparing the performance of a 3D printed, a mesh felts and a sintered CPS, all made from tungsten. Each target was surrounded by four witness plates, which were analysed post-mortem for Sn content by Rutherford backscattering. During plasma exposure, tin droplets were observed using a fast visible camera and plasma light emission via survey optical emission spectroscopy. The results imply that Sn erosion can be reduced by a factor of 50 when reducing the pore size. Moreover, it highlights the importance of avoiding overfilling of CPS targets with Sn.







Alternate TitleNucl. Mater. Energy

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