|Title||First microwave generation in the FOM free-electron maser|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1998|
|Authors||A.GA Verhoeven, W.A Bongers, V.L Bratman, M. Caplan, G.G Denisov, C.AJ van der Geer, P. Manintveld, A.J Poelman, J. Pluygers, M.Y Shmelyov, P.HM Smeets, A.B Sterk, W.H Urbanus|
|Journal||Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion|
A free-electron maser (FEM) has been built as a pilot experiment for a millimetre-wave source for applications on future fusion research devices such as ITER, the International Tokamak Experimental Reactor. A unique feature of the Dutch fusion FEM is the possibility to tune the frequency over the entire range from 130 to 260 GHz at an output power exceeding 1 MW. In the first phase of the project, the so-called inverse set-up is used. The electron gun is mounted inside the high-voltage terminal. The entire beam line was tested successfully with extremely low loss current, lower than 0.05%. The first generation of millimetre waves was achieved in October 1997. The highest peak power measured so far is 700 kW at 200 GHz. This was achieved with a beam current of 8 A and an acceleration voltage of 1.77 MV. The output power, start-up time and frequency correspond well with the simulation results. The parameter scans for the longitudinal undulator gap. acceleration voltage and reflection coefficient have given a wide range of interesting data of which a few highlights are given.
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