Runaway snakes in TEXTOR-94

TitleRunaway snakes in TEXTOR-94
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsI. Entrop, R. Jaspers, N.JL Cardozo, K.H. Finken
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number0741-3335

Observations of a runaway beam confined in an island-like structure, a so-called runaway snake, are reported. The observations are made in TEXTOR-94 by measurement of synchrotron radiation emitted by these runaways. A full poloidal View allows for the study of the synchrotron pattern of the snake to estimate runaway energy, pitch angle and the radius, shift and safety factor of the drift surface q(D) at which the runaway beam has developed. The runaway snake parameters are investigated under different current and magnetic field strength conditions. Examples are found of a runaway snake at the q(D) = 1 and the q(D) = 2 drift surface. The radial diffusion coefficient of runaways inside a snake is D(r) approximate to 0.01 m(2) s(-1). The rapid runaway losses in regions of(macroscopic) magnetic perturbations outside a snake and the good confinement inside an island assumed to consist of perfect nested surfaces are consistent with magnetic turbulence as the main cause for runaway transport.



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