DIFFER Publication

Representation learning algorithms for inferring machine independent latent features in pedestals in JET and AUG


Variational autoencoder (VAE)-based representation learning algorithms are explored for their capability to disentangle tokamak size dependence from other dependencies in a dataset of thousands of observed pedestal electron density and temperature profiles from JET and ASDEX Upgrade tokamaks. Representation learning aims to establish a useful representation that characterizes the dataset. In the context of magnetic confinement fusion devices, a useful representation could be considered to map the high-dimensional observations to a manifold that represents the actual degrees of freedom of the plasma scenario. A desired property for these representations is organization of the information into disentangled variables, enabling interpretation of the latent variables as representations of semantically meaningful characteristics of the data. The representation learning algorithms in this work are based on VAE that encodes the pedestal profile information into a reduced dimensionality latent space and learns to reconstruct the full profile information given the latent representation. Attaching an auxiliary regression objective for the machine control parameter configuration, broadly following the architecture of the domain invariant variational autoencoder (DIVA), the model learns to associate device control parameters with the latent representation. With this multimachine dataset, the representation does encode density scaling with device size that is qualitatively consistent with Greenwald density limit scaling. However, if the major radius of the device is given through a common regression objective with the other machine control parameters, the latent state of the representation struggles to clearly disentangle the device size from changes of the other machine control parameters. When separating the device size as an independent latent variable with dedicated regression objectives, similar to separation of domain and class labels in the original DIVA publication, the latent space becomes well organized as a function of the device size.

Year of Publication
Physics of Plasmas
Number of Pages
Alternate Journal
Phys. Plasmas
Journal Article
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