Septum assessment of the JET gas box divertor

TitleSeptum assessment of the JET gas box divertor
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsJ. Rapp, W. Fundamenski, L.C Ingesson, S. Jachmich, A. Huber, G.F Matthews, P. Morgan, M.F Stamp
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume50
Number9
Pagination30
Date PublishedSep
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0741-3335
Accession NumberISI:000258475400015
KeywordsASDEX UPGRADE, DENSITY LIMITS, I DIVERTOR, MODE DISCHARGES, PLASMA PERFORMANCE, RECOMBINATION, SCRAPE-OFF LAYER, TEXTOR-94, TOKAMAK, VARIED GEOMETRY
Abstract

The influence of the physical isolation of inner and outer divertor volumes by a septum plate of the Mk-II gas box divertor, thus increasing divertor closure and neutral compression, on the plasma and divertor performance has been studied at the Joint European Torus (JET). The septum plate was installed in 1999, together with the original Mk-II gas box divertor, and was then replaced by a simple protection plate in 2001. This removal reduced the closure of the divertor by opening a line of sight path for neutrals to travel between the inner to the outer divertor volumes. Comparison of identical discharges with and without the septum thus provides direct evidence of the effect of divertor closure on plasma behaviour. With this aim, following septum removal, several dedicated L-mode and H-mode discharges have been performed, in each case repeating earlier discharges when the septum was still in place. In each case, the fuelling location was varied between the inner/outer divertor and the main chamber, and differences in detachment in the inner and outer divertors were studied. Under L-mode conditions, differences in detachment dynamics were indeed observed between closed (with septum) and open (without septum) divertor configurations, although the differences were only significant in the medium density range. In contrast, the ultimate density limit was not affected, being determined in each case by the formation of a wall multifacedted asymmetric radiation from the edge (MARFE), rather than an X-point MARFE. Under H-mode conditions, the differences were more subtle. Although the ion fluxes to the targets were unaffected, the target electron temperatures were found to be lower in the closed divertor configuration. In this case, the fuelling efficiency was the largest when the gas injected from the inner divertor, with implications on global energy confinement and ELM frequency. Otherwise, no difference in the confinement of the discharges with and without septum was observed.

URL<Go to ISI>://000258475400015
Division

Fusion Physics

PID

17e2dfabd9f2a6a942f5c4400323a41d

Alternate TitlePlasma Phys. Control. Fusion

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