|Title||Dimeric Complexes of Tryptophan with M2+ Metal Ions|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||R.C Dunbar, J.D Steill, N.C Polfer, J. Oomens|
|Journal||Journal of Physical Chemistry A|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||AB-INITIO, AMINO-ACIDS, BINDING-ENERGIES, CONFORMERS, dissociation, GAS-PHASE, GRAMICIDIN, INFRARED ACTION SPECTROSCOPY, SPECTROSCOPY, THEORETICAL DFT, ZWITTERION STABILITY|
IRMPD spectroscopy using the FELIX free electron laser and a Fourier transform ICR mass spectrometer was used to characterize the structures of electrosprayed dimer complexes M(2+)Trp(2) of tryptophan with a series of eight doubly charged metal ions, including alkaline earths Ca, Sr, and Ba, and transition metals Zn, Cd, Mn, Co, and Ni. With the support of DFT thermochemical calculations, at least three different structural motifs were distinguished spectroscopically, depending critically on the nature of the metal ion. The spectral signatures of a ligand in the charge-solvated (CS) configuration, namely peaks near 1730 and 1150 cm(-1), were prominent in all the spectra, and it was clear that all the dimer complexes contain at least one CS ligand. The spectra indicated that the second ligand is zwitterionic (ZW) for all complexes except the Ni case, with the second ligand having an extended binding geometry with smaller metals but showing some admixture of a compact chelated geometry with larger alkaline earths. It was concluded that these dimer complexes have a mixed configuration of ligands, denoted CS/ZW. The Ni(2+)Trp(2) complex is exceptional, with the spectroscopy and the thermochemical calculation both indicating a CS/CS configuration of ligands. This geometry appears to correlate with the exceptionally small size and high binding strength of the Ni2+ cation. The complex CdClTrp(1+) was also obtained and gave a clear spectrum showing a CS ligand configuration. The presence of a CS ligand in all the dimeric complexes of the 2+ metals is an interesting contrast with the monomer complex Ba(2+)Trp, in which the ligand is ZW.
|URL||<Go to ISI>://000262902500009|
|Alternate Title||J. Phys. Chem. A|
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