Active control over carbon deposition on diagnostic components and in remote areas of ITER

TitleActive control over carbon deposition on diagnostic components and in remote areas of ITER
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsA. Litnovsky, V. Philipps, P. Wienhold, M. Matveeva, A. Pospieszczyk, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, U. Samm, H. Stoschus, C. Schulz, L. Marot, A. Romanyuk, G. De Temmerman, M. Laengner, U. Breuer, A. Stark
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume417
Issue1-3
Number1-3
Pagination830-833
Date PublishedOct
Type of ArticleArticle; Proceedings Paper
ISBN Number0022-3115
Keywordsdivertor, INTERFACE, mirrors, molybdenum
Abstract

In future fusion devices like ITER deposition of impurities will likely occur in areas, remote from plasma and on the sensitive components of optical diagnostics, like mirrors and windows. Deposition in remote areas may lead to the tritium retention and therefore represent a safety issue. Deposition on optical components will severely deteriorate their optical properties potentially leading to the shutdown of the respective diagnostic systems. An active control over deposition is therefore highly desirable. The paper contains an overview of experiments on active control over carbon deposition undertaken in TEXTOR tokamak. A prototype of diagnostic duct was exposed in the scrape-off layer plasmas of TEXTOR where several techniques were applied to mitigate carbon deposition on diagnostic mirrors located inside this prototype. The complete suppression of carbon deposition on the surface of diagnostic mirror was achieved by feeding the deuterium gas inside the diagnostic duct. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

URL
DOI10.1016/j.jnucmat.2010.12.146
Division

PSI

Department

PSI-E

PID

080af16b03271731adf5a61a1668c142

Alternate TitleJ. Nucl. Mater.

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