|Title||Ion cyclotron range of frequency mode conversion flow drive in D(He-3) plasmas on JET|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Y. Lin, P. Mantica, T. Hellsten, V. Kiptily, E. Lerche, MFF Nave, J.E Rice, D. Van Eester, P.C de Vries, R. Felton, C. Giroud, T. Tala|
|Journal||Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||ABSORPTION, ALCATOR C-MOD, DIII-D, DISCHARGES, ICRF, NUMERICAL-SIMULATION, TOKAMAK PLASMAS, TOROIDAL ROTATION, TRANSPORT, WAVES|
Ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) mode conversion has been shown to drive toroidal flow in JET D(He-3) L-mode plasmas: B-t0 = 3.45 T, n(e0) similar to 3x10(19) m(-3), I-p = 2.8 and 1.8 MA, P-RF <= 3MW at 33MHz and -90 degrees phasing. Central toroidal rotation in the counter-I-p direction, with omega(phi 0) up to 10 krad s(-1) (V-phi 0 similar to 30 km s(-1), central thermal Mach number M-th(0) similar to 0.07 and Alfven Mach number M-A(0) similar to 0.003) has been observed. The flow drive effect is sensitive to the He-3 concentration and the largest rotation is observed in the range X[He-3] = n(He3)/n(e) similar to 10-17%. The rotation profile is peaked near the magnetic axis, and the central rotation scales with the input RF power. The effective torque density profile from the RF power has been calculated and the total torque is estimated to be as high as 50% of the same power from neutral beam injection, and a factor of 5 larger than the direct momentum injection from the RF waves. RF physics modeling using the TORIC code shows that the interaction between the mode converted ion cyclotron wave and the He-3 ions, and associated asymmetry in space and momentum, may be key for flow drive.
|Alternate Title||Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion|
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