|Title||Ubiquity of non-diffusive momentum transport in JET H-modes|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||H. Weisen, Y. Camenen, A. Salmi, T.W Versloot, P.C de Vries, M. Maslov, T. Tala, M. Beurskens, C. Giroud, JET-EFDA Contributors|
A broad survey of the experimental database of neutral beam heated baseline H-modes and hybrid scenarios in the JET tokamak has established the ubiquity of non-diffusive momentum transport mechanisms in rotating plasmas. As a result of their presence, the normalized angular frequency gradient R ∇ ω / ω is higher than expected from momentum diffusion alone, by about unity in the core ( r / a ∼ 0.3), rising to near 5 close to the edge, where its contribution to the total gradient is comparable to the gradient associated with the diffusive flux. The magnitude and parameter dependences of the non-diffusive contribution to the gradient are consistent with a theoretically expected pinch, which has its origin in the vertical particle drift resulting from the Coriolis force. Linear gyrokinetic calculations of the pinch number RV / χ φ and the Prandtl number χ φ / χ i are in good agreement with the experimental observations, with similar dependences on R / L n , q and ε = r / R . A contribution due to residual stresses may also be present, but could not be identified with certainty.
|Alternate Title||Nucl. Fusion|
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