|Title||Migration of tungsten dust in tokamaks: role of dust–wall collisions|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||S. Ratynskaia, L. Vignitchouk, P. Tolias, I. Bykov, H. Bergsåker, A. Litnovsky, N. den Harder, E. Lazzaro|
The modelling of a controlled tungsten dust injection experiment in TEXTOR by the dust dynamics code MIGRAINe is reported. The code, in addition to the standard dust–plasma interaction processes, also encompasses major mechanical aspects of dust–surface collisions. The use of analytical expressions for the restitution coefficients as functions of the dust radius and impact velocity allows us to account for the sticking and rebound phenomena that define which parts of the dust size distribution can migrate efficiently. The experiment provided unambiguous evidence of long-distance dust migration; artificially introduced tungsten dust particles were collected 120° toroidally away from the injection point, but also a selectivity in the permissible size of transported grains was observed. The main experimental results are reproduced by modelling.
|Alternate Title||Nucl. Fusion|
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