|Title||The effect of ion flux on plasma-induced modification and deuterium retention in tungsten and tungsten–tantalum alloys|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Y. Zayachuk, A. Manhard, M.HJ 't Hoen, W. Jacob, P.AZeijlma van Emmichoven, G. Van Oost|
|Journal||Journal of Nuclear Materials|
The paper presents the results of an experimental study of deuterium retention in W and W–Ta alloy that were exposed to first-wall relevant low flux (∼1020 m−2 s−1) deuterium plasma in the ECR plasma generator PlaQ. Subsequent analysis included surface imaging by optical microscopy, deuterium depth profiling by nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) and measurements of deuterium content by thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). It was found that under investigated exposure conditions the deuterium content was higher in W–Ta alloy than in W. Combined with the previously reported results showing that under high-flux (∼1024 m−2 s−1) retention is higher in W instead, this gives rise to a peculiar flux effect – dependence of relative retention between different materials on exposure flux. We interpret this effect as evidence that at different flux ranges different populations of trapping sites determine the retention, namely pre-existing microstructural traps at low-flux exposure and plasma-induced ones at high-flux exposure.
|Alternate Title||J. Nucl. Mater.|
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