|Title||Energy Level Tuning of Poly(phenylene-alt-dithienobenzothiadiazole)s for Low Photon Energy Loss Solar Cells|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||R. Heuvel, J.J van Franeker, R.AJ Janssen|
|Journal||Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics|
Six poly(phenylene-alt-dithienobenzothiadiazole)-based polymers have been synthesized for application in polymer–fullerene solar cells. Hydrogen, fluorine, or nitrile substitution on benzothiadiazole and alkoxy or ester substitution on the phenylene moiety are investigated to reduce the energy loss per converted photon. Power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) up to 6.6% have been obtained. The best performance is found for the polymer–fullerene combination with distinct phase separation and crystalline domains. This improves the maximum external quantum efficiency for charge formation and collection to 66%. The resulting higher photocurrent compensates for the relatively large energy loss per photon (E loss = 0.97 eV) in achieving a high PCE. By contrast, the polymer that provides a reduced energy loss (E loss = 0.49 eV) gives a lower photocurrent and a reduced PCE of 1.8% because the external quantum efficiency of 17% is limited by a suboptimal morphology and a reduced driving force for charge transfer. (Figure presented.). © 2017 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
|Alternate Title||Macromol. Chem. Phys.|
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