|Title||Turbulent transport stabilization by ICRH minority fast ions in low rotating JET ILW L-mode plasmas|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||N. Bonanomi, P. Mantica, A. Di Siena, E. Delabie, C. Giroud, T. Johnson, E. Lerche, S. Menmuir, M. Tsalas, D. Van Eester, JET Contributors|
The first experimental demonstration that fast ion induced stabilization of thermal turbulent transport takes place also at low values of plasma toroidal rotation has been obtained in JET ILW (ITER-like wall) L-mode plasmas with high ( 3 He)-D ICRH (ion cyclotron resonance heating) power. A reduction of the gyro-Bohm normalized ion heat flux and higher values of the normalized ion temperature gradient have been observed at high ICRH power and low NBI (neutral beam injection) power and plasma rotation. Gyrokinetic simulations indicate that ITG (ion temperature gradient) turbulence stabilization induced by the presence of high-energetic 3 He ions is the key mechanism in order to explain the experimental observations. Two main mechanisms have been identified to be responsible for the turbulence stabilization: a linear electrostatic wave-fast particle resonance mechanism and a nonlinear electromagnetic mechanism. The dependence of the stabilization on the 3 He distribution function has also been studied.
|Alternate Title||Nucl. Fusion|
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