|Title||An Electrochemical Study on the Cathode of the Intermediate Temperature Tubular Sodium-Sulfur (NaS) Battery|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||G. Nikiforidis, G.J Jongerden, E.F Jongerden, M.CM van de Sanden, M.N Tsampas|
|Journal||Journal of the Electrochemical Society|
The development of low-cost energy storage schemes is imminent in light of the ever-growing demand of electricity. Sodium-sulfur (NaS) batteries offer low-cost technology for energy storage applications due to the intrinsically high capacities of elemental sodium and sulfur as well as their abundant resources. Operating this battery technology on the intermediate range (130-200 degrees C) can lead to lower material costs, mitigate thermal management and safety issues and enhance cycle life. Herein, an electrochemical study on the cathode of the IT NaS cell is performed at 150 degrees C and a concentration range of 1.5 to 3 M sodium pentasulfide dissolved in tetraglyme, showing a robust long term performance (42 days of continuous cycling) with a volumetric energy density of 83 Wh L-1. Most importantly, the cell was eligible for a tenfold volume scale-up considerably enhancing its capacity (790 mAh) but in the same time somewhat hindered by mass transport, especially during the end of the discharge process as manifested by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.
|Alternate Title||J. Electrochem. Soc.|
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