Hydrogen storage properties of Li-decorated B2S monolayers: A DFT study

TitleHydrogen storage properties of Li-decorated B2S monolayers: A DFT study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsZ. Liu, S. Liu, S. Er
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume44
Issue31
Pagination16803-16810
Date Published06/2019
Abstract

Hydrogen storage properties of Li functionalized B2S honeycomb monolayers are studied using density functional theory calculations. The binding of H2 molecules to the clean B2S sheet proceeds through physisorption. Dispersed Li atoms on the monolayer surface increase both the hydrogen binding energies and the hydrogen storage capacities significantly. Additionally, ab initio molecular dynamics calculations show that there is no kinetic barrier during H2 desorption from lithiated B2S. Among the studied B8S4Lix (x = 1, 2, 4, and 12) compounds, the B8S4Li4 is found to be the most promising candidate for hydrogen storage purposes; with a 9.1 wt% H2 content and 0.14 eV/H2 average hydrogen binding energy. Furthermore, a detailed analysis of the electronic properties of the B8S4Li4 compound before and after H2 molecule adsorption confirms that the interactions between Li and H2 molecules are of electrostatic nature.

DOI10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.04.234
Division

MaSF

Department

AMD

PID

e40e3631643e0b99082a8a159d2ab45d

Alternate TitleInt. J. Hydrogen Energy

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