|Title||Axisymmetric simulations of vertical displacement events in tokamaks: A benchmark of M3D-C1, NIMROD and JOREK|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||I. Krebs, F.J Artola, C.R Sovinec, S.C Jardin, K.J Bunkers, M. Hoelzl, N.M Ferraro|
|Journal||Physics of Plasmas|
A benchmark exercise for the modeling of vertical displacement events(VDEs) is presented and applied to the 3D nonlinear magneto-hydrodynamic codesM3D-C1, JOREK and NIMROD. The simulations are based on a vertically unstableNSTX equilibrium enclosed by an axisymmetric resistive wall with rectangular crosssection. A linear dependence of the linear VDE growth rates on the resistivity ofthe wall is recovered for sufficiently large wall conductivity and small temperatures inthe open field line region. The benchmark results show good agreement between theVDE growth rates obtained from linear NIMROD and M3D-C1simulations as wellas from the linear phase of axisymmetric nonlinear JOREK, NIMROD and M3D-C1simulations. Axisymmetric nonlinear simulations of a full VDE performed with thethree codes are compared and excellent agreement is found regarding plasma locationand plasma currents as well as eddy and halo currents in the wall.
|Alternate Title||Phys. Plasmas|
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