FeP Nanocatalyst with Preferential [010] Orientation Boosts the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction in Polymer-Electrolyte Membrane Electrolyzer

TitleFeP Nanocatalyst with Preferential [010] Orientation Boosts the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction in Polymer-Electrolyte Membrane Electrolyzer
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsF.M Sapountzi, E.D Orlova, J.PS Sousa, L.M Salonen, O.I Lebedev, G. Zafeiropoulos, M.N Tsampas, J.W Niemantsverdriet, Y.V Kolen’ko
JournalEnergy & Fuels
Volume34
Issue5
Pagination6423-6429
Abstract

The development of nonprecious metal electrocatalysts for polymer-electrolyte membrane (PEM) water electrolysis is a milestone for the technology, which currently relies on rare and expensive platinum-group metals. Half-cell measurements have shown iron phosphide materials to be promising alternative hydrogen evolution electrocatalysts, but their realistic performance in flow-through devices remains unexplored. To fill this gap, we report herein the activity and durability of FeP nanocatalyst under application-relevant conditions. Our facile synthesis route proceeds via impregnation of an iron complex on conductive carbon support followed by phosphorization, giving rise to highly crystalline nanoparticles with predominantly exposed [010] facets, which accounts for the high electrocatalytic activity. The performance of FeP gas diffusion electrodes toward hydrogen evolution was examined under application-relevant conditions in a single cell PEM water electrolysis at 22 °C. The FeP cathode exhibited a current density of 0.2 A cm–2 at 2.06 V, corresponding to a difference of merely 0.07 W cm–2 in power input as compared to state-of-the-art Pt cathode, while outperforming other nonprecious cathodes operated at similar temperature. Quantitative product analysis of our PEM device excluded the presence of side reactions and provided strong experimental evidence that our cell operates with 84–100% Faradaic efficiencies and with 4.1 kWh Nm–3 energy consumption. The FeP cathodes exhibited stable performance of over 100 h at constant operation, while their suitability with the intermittency of renewable sources was demonstrated upon 36 h operation at variable power inputs. Overall, the performance as well as our preliminary cost analysis reveal the high potential of FeP for practical applications.

DOI10.1021/acs.energyfuels.0c00793
Division

MaSF

Department

CEPEA

PID

b1a64203995217c776d808fbbca524ce

Alternate TitleEnergy Fuels

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