|Title||FeP Nanocatalyst with Preferential  Orientation Boosts the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction in Polymer-Electrolyte Membrane Electrolyzer|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||F.M Sapountzi, E.D Orlova, J.PS Sousa, L.M Salonen, O.I Lebedev, G. Zafeiropoulos, M.N Tsampas, J.W Niemantsverdriet, Y.V Kolen’ko|
|Journal||Energy & Fuels|
The development of nonprecious metal electrocatalysts for polymer-electrolyte membrane (PEM) water electrolysis is a milestone for the technology, which currently relies on rare and expensive platinum-group metals. Half-cell measurements have shown iron phosphide materials to be promising alternative hydrogen evolution electrocatalysts, but their realistic performance in flow-through devices remains unexplored. To fill this gap, we report herein the activity and durability of FeP nanocatalyst under application-relevant conditions. Our facile synthesis route proceeds via impregnation of an iron complex on conductive carbon support followed by phosphorization, giving rise to highly crystalline nanoparticles with predominantly exposed  facets, which accounts for the high electrocatalytic activity. The performance of FeP gas diffusion electrodes toward hydrogen evolution was examined under application-relevant conditions in a single cell PEM water electrolysis at 22 °C. The FeP cathode exhibited a current density of 0.2 A cm–2 at 2.06 V, corresponding to a difference of merely 0.07 W cm–2 in power input as compared to state-of-the-art Pt cathode, while outperforming other nonprecious cathodes operated at similar temperature. Quantitative product analysis of our PEM device excluded the presence of side reactions and provided strong experimental evidence that our cell operates with 84–100% Faradaic efficiencies and with 4.1 kWh Nm–3 energy consumption. The FeP cathodes exhibited stable performance of over 100 h at constant operation, while their suitability with the intermittency of renewable sources was demonstrated upon 36 h operation at variable power inputs. Overall, the performance as well as our preliminary cost analysis reveal the high potential of FeP for practical applications.
|Alternate Title||Energy Fuels|
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