Momentum-space-resolved measurements using oblique electron cyclotron emission for the validation of the quasi-linear theory of electron cyclotron current drive

TitleMomentum-space-resolved measurements using oblique electron cyclotron emission for the validation of the quasi-linear theory of electron cyclotron current drive
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsS.S Denk, R. Fischer, E. Westerhof, L E. di Cortemiglia, J. Hobirk, O. Maj, S.K Nielsen, E. Poli, J. Rasmussen, M. Stejner, J. Stober, U. Stroth, W. Suttrop, M. Willensdorfer
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume63
Issue1
Pagination015003
Date Published11/2020
Abstract

Electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) can drive large current densities through electron cyclotron current drive (ECCD). ECCD is expected to be crucial for high-performance plasmas in future fusion reactors like ITER and DEMO, making the current drive efficiency of ECCD a critical design parameter for future reactors. In present-day devices, good agreement between measured and predicted current drive efficiency has been found. However, to ensure the reliability in future machines, a direct validation of the electron momentum distribution function is needed. As a first step towards this goal, we present in this paper oblique ECE measurements of a low-density plasma in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. Two oblique ECE diagnostics are used to allow the simultaneous measurements of electrons streaming co- and counter-directionally with the plasma current. Predictions for the distribution function are computed with the bounce-averaged Fokker-Planck code RELAX (E. Westerhof et al., Rijnhuizen report,1992). To allow direct comparison with the measurements, synthetic radiation temperatures are computed with the code ECRad (S. Denk et al., Computer Physics Communications, p. 107175, 2020). Good agreement is found if radial transport occurring predominantly at low electron energies is included. We demonstrate that the oblique ECE diagnostics measure the electron distribution function directly at the ECRH deposition site in phase space. Furthermore, they are sensitive to the abundance of pitch-angle scattered electrons that reduce the ECCD efficiency. Limitations and uncertainties of the measurements and the modeling are discussed.

DOI10.1088/1361-6587/abc1bd
Division

FP

Department

IMM

PIDaf69e2f66f3cb7d17754c5e4d6d15fd2
Alternate TitlePlasma Phys. Control. Fusion
LabelOA

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