Real-time feedback control of the impurity emission front in tokamak divertor plasmas

TitleReal-time feedback control of the impurity emission front in tokamak divertor plasmas
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsT. Ravensbergen, M. van Berkel, A. Perek, C. Galperti, B.P. Duval, O. Fevrier, R.J.R van Kampen, F. Felici, J.T. Lammers, C. Theiler, J. Schoukens, B. Linehan, M. Komm, S. Henderson, D. Brida, MR de Baar
JournalNature Communications
Volume12
Pagination1105
Date Published02/2021
Abstract

In magnetic confinement thermonuclear fusion the exhaust of heat and particles from the core remains a major challenge. Heat and particles leaving the core are transported via open magnetic field lines to a region of the reactor wall, called the divertor. Unabated, the heat and particle fluxes may become intolerable and damage the divertor. Controlled ‘plasma detachment’, a regime characterized by both a large reduction in plasma pressure and temperature at the divertor target, is required to reduce fluxes onto the divertor. Here we report a systematic approach towards achieving this critical need through feedback control of impurity emission front locations and its experimental demonstration. Our approach comprises a combination of real-time plasma diagnostic utilization, dynamic characterization of the plasma in proximity to the divertor, and efficient, reliable offline feedback controller design.

DOI10.1038/s41467-021-21268-3
Division

FP

Department

ESC

PID

94911f64d19ed70e474eefce11f61cf9

Alternate TitleNat. Commun.
LabelOA

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