Characterisation of the influence of vanadium and tantalum on yttrium-based nano-oxides in ODS Eurofer steel

TitleCharacterisation of the influence of vanadium and tantalum on yttrium-based nano-oxides in ODS Eurofer steel
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsJ. Fu, T.P. Davis, I.M. Richardson, M.J.M Hermans
JournalMaterials Characterization
Volume175
Pagination111072
Date Published05/2021
Abstract

Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steels are leading candidates for structural materials in nuclear fission and fusion power plants. Understanding the nature of nano-oxide particles in ODS steels is vital for a better control of the microstructure and mechanical properties to further their applications. In this study, electron microscopy and atom probe tomography (APT) have been used to investigate the nanocluster features in ODS Eurofer steel. With the addition of V and Ta in ODS Eurofer, the nanoclusters exhibit a higher number density with a decreased average diameter, indicating that V and Ta are beneficial for the formation of small clusters. Irrespective of the composition of the base material, the smaller particles have a variable stoichiometry while the larger particles are likely to have Y2O3 stoichiometry. The nanoclusters were found to have a core/shell structure, where Y, O and Ta are enriched in the core and Cr and V are predominant in the shell. The formation of the complex structure is possibly the result of a competing effect between Ta, Y, V and Cr binding with O. It is deduced that Ta tends to combine with O in the core (Y2O3) of the clusters due to a higher affinity, and pushes V and Cr to the surrounding shell during the formation of nanoclusters.

DOI10.1016/j.matchar.2021.111072
Division

FP

Department

PEPD

PID

fdbb29d769e4fc6224e4368fdbe33262

Alternate TitleMater. Charact.
LabelOA

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