|Title||Post-plasma Quenching to Improve Conversion and Energy Efficiency in a CO2 Microwave Plasma|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||E.R. Mercer, S. van Alphen, C.F.AM van Deursen, T.W.H Righart, W.A. Bongers, R. Snyders, A. Bogaerts, M.C.M van de Sanden, F.J.J Peeters|
Transforming CO2 into value-added chemicals is crucial to realizing a carbon–neutral economy, and plasma-based conversion, a Power-2-X technology, offers a promising route to realizing an efficient and scalable process. This paper investigates the effects of post-plasma placement of a converging–diverging nozzle in a vortex-stabilized 2.45 GHz CO2 microwave plasma reactor to increase energy efficiency and conversion. The CDN leads to a 21% relative increase in energy efficiency (31%) and CO2 conversion (13%) at high flow rates and near-atmospheric conditions. The most significant performance improvement was seen at low flow rates and sub-atmospheric pressure (300 mbar), where energy efficiency was 23% and conversion was 28%, a 71% relative increase over conditions without the CDN. Using CFD simulations, we found that the CDN produces a change in the flow geometry, leading to a confined temperature profile at the height of the plasma, and forced extraction of CO to the post-CDN region.
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