Overview of experiments with radiation cooling at high confinement and high density in limited and diverted discharges

TitleOverview of experiments with radiation cooling at high confinement and high density in limited and diverted discharges
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsJ. Ongena, A.M Messiaen, B. Unterberg, R.V Budny, C.E Bush, K. Hill, G.T Hoang, G. Jackson, A. Kallenbach, P. Monier-Garbet, D. Mueller, M. Murakami, G. Staebler, F. Ryter, M. Wade, M. Bell, J. Boedo, G. Bonheure, P. Dumortier, F. Durodie, K.H. Finken, G. Fuchs, B. Giesen, P. Hutteman, R. Jaspers, R. Koch, A. Kramer-Flecken, P. Mertens, R. Moyer, A. Pospieszczyk, A. Ramsey, U. Samm, M. Sauer, B. Schweer, R. Uhlemann, P.E Vandenplas, G. Van Oost, M. Vervier, G. van Wassenhove, G. Waidmann, R.R Weynants, G.H Wolf, ASDEX Upgrade Team, DIII-D Team, TEXTOR team, Tftr Team, TTore Supra
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number0741-3335

An overview is presented of recent experiments with radiating mantles on limiter and divertor machines, realizing simultaneously high confinement and high density at high-radiation levels. A variety of operational regimes has been observed and the characteristics of each are documented. High-performance plasmas (i.e. edge localized mode (ELM)-free H-mode confinement quality f(H93) greater than or equal to 1 and normalized beta values beta(n) greater than or equal to 2 simultaneously) with radiating mantles have been demonstrated under quasistationary conditions during the maximum flattop time of the machine (equal to tens of confinement times) on DIII-D and TEXTOR-94. Maximum values for beta(n) up to 4 and for the advanced tokamak confinement-stability product beta(n) x f(L89) up to 13, have been obtained in very high confinement mode (VH-mode) like discharges with radiating mantles in DIII-D. There is a striking similarity between improved ohmic confinement discharges (with or without Ne seeding) and radiating mantle discharges, indicating a possible common origin for the confinement improvement observed. Possible scenarios for the application of radiating mantles on larger machines such as JET and JT-60U are indicated.



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