Electron thermal transport in RTP: filaments, barriers and bifurcations

TitleElectron thermal transport in RTP: filaments, barriers and bifurcations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsN.JL Cardozo, G.MD Hogeweij, M. de Baar, C.J Barth, M.NA Beurskens, F. De Luca, A.JH Donne, P. Galli, J.FM van Gelder, G. Gorini, B. de Groot, A. Jacchia, F.A Karelse, J. de Kloe, O.G Kruijt, J. Lok, P. Mantica, H.J van der Meiden, A.AM Oomens, T. Oyevaar, F.J. Pijper, R.W Polman, F. Salzedas, F.C Schüller, E. Westerhof
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Date PublishedDec
ISBN Number0741-3335

Experiments with strong localized electron cyclotron heating (ECH) in the RTP tokamak show that electron heat transport is governed by alternating layers of good and bad thermal conduction. For central deposition hot T-e filaments are observed inside the q = 1 radius. Moving the ECH resonance from the centre to the edge of the plasma results in discrete steps of the central electron temperature. The transitions occur when the minimum q value crosses q = 1, 2, 5/2 or 3, and correspond to the loss of a transport barrier situated close to the rational q value. Close to the transitions a new type of sawtooth activity is observed, characterized by the formation of sharp off-axis maxima on the T, profile, which collapse abruptly. The formation of the off-axis maxima is attributed to heat deposition precisely 'on top of' a transport barrier.



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