Heavy impurities, such as tungsten (W), can exhibit strongly poloidally asymmetric density profiles in rotating or radio frequency heated plasmas. In the metallic environment of JET, the poloidal asymmetry of tungsten enhances its neoclassical transport up to an order of magnitude, so that neoclassical convection dominates over turbulent transport in the core. Accounting for asymmetries in neoclassical transport is hence necessary in the integrated modeling framework. The neoclassical drift kinetic code, NEO [E. Belli and J. Candy, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion P50, 095010 (2008)], includes the impact of poloidal asymmetries on W transport. However, the computational cost required to run NEO slows down significantly integrated modeling. A previous analytical formulation to describe heavy impurity neoclassical transport in the presence of poloidal asymmetries in specific collisional regimes [C. Angioni and P. Helander, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 56, 124001 (2014)] is compared in this work to numerical results from NEO. Within the domain of validity of the formula, the factor for reducing the temperature screening due to poloidal asymmetries had to be empirically adjusted. After adjustment, the modified formula can reproduce NEO results outside of its definition domain, with some limitations: When main ions are in the banana regime, the formula reproduces NEO results whatever the collisionality regime of impurities, provided that the poloidal asymmetry is not too large. However, for very strong poloidal asymmetries, agreement requires impurities in the Pfirsch-Schlüter regime. Within the JETTO integrated transport code, the analytical formula combined with the poloidally symmetric neoclassical code NCLASS [W. A. Houlberg et al., Phys. Plasmas 4, 3230 (1997)] predicts the same tungsten profile as NEO in certain cases, while saving a factor of one thousand in computer time, which can be useful in scoping studies. The parametric dependencies of the temperature screening reduction due to poloidal asymmetries would need to be better characterised for this faster model to be extended to a more general applicability.

VL - 25 IS - 1 U1 -FP

U2 -IMT

U5 - 4124380d82634de2c37d95ae7f073ef4 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison between measured and predicted turbulence frequency spectra in ITG and TEM regimes JF - Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Y1 - 2017 A1 - Citrin, J. A1 - Arnichand, H. A1 - Bernardo, J. A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Jenko, F. A1 - Hacquin, S. A1 - M. J. Pueschel A1 - Sabot, R. AB -The observation of distinct peaks in tokamak core reflectometry measurements—named quasi-coherent-modes (QCMs)—are identified as a signature of trapped-electron-mode (TEM) turbulence (Arnichand et al 2016 Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 58 014037). This phenomenon is investigated with detailed linear and nonlinear gyrokinetic simulations using the Gene code. A Tore-Supra density scan is studied, which traverses through a linear (LOC) to saturated (SOC) ohmic confinement transition. The LOC and SOC phases are both simulated separately. In the LOC phase, where QCMs are observed, TEMs are robustly predicted unstable in linear studies. In the later SOC phase, where QCMs are no longer observed, ion-temperature-gradient (ITG) modes are identified. In nonlinear simulations, in the ITG (SOC) phase, a broadband spectrum is seen. In the TEM (LOC) phase, a clear emergence of a peak at the TEM frequencies is seen. This is due to reduced nonlinear frequency broadening of the underlying linear modes in the TEM regime compared with the ITG regime. A synthetic diagnostic of the nonlinearly simulated frequency spectra reproduces the features observed in the reflectometry measurements. These results support the identification of core QCMs as an experimental marker for TEM turbulence.

VL - 59 IS - 6 U1 -FP

U2 -IMT

U5 - a74f9500780401307ab96cdb2d2ab014 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Tractable flux-driven temperature, density, and rotation profile evolution with the quasilinear gyrokinetic transport model QuaLiKiz JF - Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Y1 - 2017 A1 - Citrin, J. A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Casson, F. J. A1 - Angioni, C. A1 - Bonanomi, N. A1 - Camenen, Y. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Garzotti, L. A1 - Gorler, T. A1 - Gurcan, O. D. A1 - Koechl, F. A1 - Imbeaux, F. A1 - Linder, O. A1 - van de Plassche, K. A1 - Strand, P. A1 - Szepesi, G. A1 - JET Contributors AB - Quasilinear turbulent transport models are a successful tool for prediction of core tokamak plasma profiles in many regimes. Their success hinges on the reproduction of local nonlinear gyrokinetic fluxes. We focus on significant progress in the quasilinear gyrokinetic transport model QuaLiKiz (Bourdelle et al 2016 Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 58 014036), which employs an approximated solution of the mode structures to significantly speed up computation time compared to full linear gyrokinetic solvers. Optimisation of the dispersion relation solution algorithm within integrated modelling applications leads to flux calculations x10 6-7 faster than local nonlinear simulations. This allows tractable simulation of flux-driven dynamic profile evolution including all transport channels: ion and electron heat, main particles, impurities, and momentum. Furthermore, QuaLiKiz now includes the impact of rotation and temperature anisotropy induced poloidal asymmetry on heavy impurity transport, important for W-transport applications. Application within the JETTO integrated modelling code results in 1 s of JET plasma simulation within 10 h using 10 CPUs. Simultaneous predictions of core density, temperature, and toroidal rotation profiles for both JET hybrid and baseline experiments are presented, covering both ion and electron turbulence scales. The simulations are successfully compared to measured profiles, with agreement mostly in the 5%–25% range according to standard figures of merit. QuaLiKiz is now open source and available at www.qualikiz.com. VL - 59 UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1708.01224 IS - 12 U1 - FP U2 - IMT U5 - 5234d3fadaa3c4d0ad98a555a43c362c ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Core turbulent transport in tokamak plasmas: bridging theory and experiment with QuaLiKiz JF - Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Y1 - 2016 A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Citrin, J. A1 - Baiocchi, B. A1 - Casati, A. A1 - Cottier, P. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Imbeaux, F. A1 - JET Contributors AB -Nonlinear gyrokinetic codes allow for detailed understanding of tokamak core turbulent transport. However, their computational demand precludes their use for predictive profile modeling. An alternative approach is required to bridge the gap between theoretical understanding and prediction of experiments. A quasilinear gyrokinetic model, QuaLiKiz (Bourdelle et al 2007 Phys. Plasmas 14 112501), is demonstrated to be rapid enough to ease systematic interface with experiments. The derivation and approximation of this approach are reviewed. The quasilinear approximation is proven valid over a wide range of core plasma parameters. Examples of profile prediction using QuaLiKiz coupled to the CRONOS integrated modeling code (Artaud et al 2010 Nucl. Fusion 50 043001) are presented. QuaLiKiz is being coupled to other integrated modeling platforms such as ETS and JETTO. QuaLiKiz quasilinear gyrokinetic turbulent heat, particle and angular momentum fluxes are available to all users. It allows for extensive stand-alone interpretative analysis and for first principle based integrated predictive modeling.

VL - 58 IS - 1 U1 -FP

U2 -PDG

U5 - af81b465b951460b1fab6740bf4a96ce ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Identification of trapped electron modes in frequency fluctuation spectra JF - Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Y1 - 2016 A1 - Arnichand, H. A1 - Citrin, J. A1 - Hacquin, S. A1 - Sabot, R. A1 - Kramer-Flecken, A. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Bottereau, C. A1 - Clairet, F. A1 - Giacalone, J. C. A1 - Guimaraes-Filho, Z. O. A1 - Guirlet, R. A1 - Hornung, G. A1 - Lebschy, A. A1 - Lotte, P. A1 - Maget, P. A1 - Medvedeva, A. A1 - Molina, D. A1 - Nikolaeva, V. A1 - Prisiazhniuk, D. A1 - Tore Supra team A1 - ASDEX Upgrade Team VL - 58 U1 -FP

U2 -CPP

U5 - b89f99c7c6f1824655dca8faaaae5de9 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Simulation of core turbulence measurement in Tore Supra ohmic regimes JF - Physics of Plasmas Y1 - 2016 A1 - Hacquin, S. A1 - Citrin, J. A1 - Arnichand, H. A1 - Sabot, R. A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Kramer-Flecken, A. A1 - Tore Supra team AB - This paper reports on a simulation of reflectometry measurement in Tore Supra ohmic discharges, for which the experimental observations as well as gyrokinetic non-linear computations predict a modification of turbulence spectrum between the linear (LOC) and the saturated ohmic confinement (SOC) regimes. Synthetic reflectometry simulations coupling full-wave computations with gyrokinetic data are carried out. This allows a direct comparison between the gyrokinetic non-linear predictions and experimental observations. The synthetic diagnostic results are found in a good agreement with the experimental findings; in particular, they reproduce well the quasi-coherent peak in the fluctuation spectrum of LOC regimes dominated by a trapped electron mode turbulence. It is also shown that such synthetic tools are valuable for (i) an enhanced interpretation of the reflectometry measurement (for instance, through the investigation of the 2D effects) and (ii) a better understanding of the turbulence properties (for instance, via the analysis of its poloidal asymmetry). VL - 23 IS - 9 U1 - FP U2 - IMT U3 - FP120 U5 - 4b1cc2d83ad4908defa7bd6025412a28 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Discriminating the trapped electron modes contribution in density fluctuation spectra JF - Nuclear Fusion Y1 - 2015 A1 - Arnichand, H. A1 - Sabot, R. A1 - Hacquin, S. A1 - Kramer-Flecken, A. A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Citrin, J. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Giacalone, J. C. A1 - Guirlet, R. A1 - Hillesheim, J. C. A1 - Meneses, L. VL - 55 IS - 9 U1 -FP

U2 -CPP-HT

U5 - f9d934bd0dfe31427ac6596b2e59bc30 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - L to H mode transition: parametric dependencies of the temperature threshold JF - Nuclear Fusion Y1 - 2015 A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Chone, L. A1 - Fedorczak, N. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Beyer, P. A1 - Citrin, J. A1 - Delabie, E. A1 - Dif-Pradalier, G. A1 - Fuhr, G. A1 - Loarte, A. A1 - Maggi, C. F. A1 - Militello, F. A1 - Sarazin, Y. A1 - Vermare, L. A1 - JET Contributors VL - 55 IS - 7 U1 - FP U2 - PDG U5 - d57b66cd0db4e8ad6047c945111fa5a7 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - L to H mode transition: on the role of Z(eff) JF - Nuclear Fusion Y1 - 2014 A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Maggi, C. F. A1 - Chone, L. A1 - Beyer, P. A1 - Citrin, J. A1 - Fedorczak, N. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Loarte, A. A1 - Militello, F. A1 - Romanelli, M. A1 - Sarazin, Y. AB - In this paper, the nature of the primary instability present in the pedestal forming region prior to the transition into H mode is analysed using a gyrokinetic code on JET-ILWprofiles. The linear analysis shows that the primary instability is of resistive nature, and can therefore be stabilized by increased temperature, hence power. The unstable modes are identified as being resistive ballooning modes. Their growth rates decrease for temperatures increasing towards the experimentally measured temperature at the L-H transition. The growth rates are larger for lower effective charge Z(eff). This dependence is shown to be in qualitative agreement with recent and past experimental observations of reduced Z(eff) associated with lower L-H power thresholds. VL - 54 SN - 0029-5515; 1741-4326 IS - 2 U1 - FP U2 - CPP-HT U5 - 243547f2c07e1c57e76e9b4147717183 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Quasi-coherent modes and electron-driven turbulence JF - Nuclear Fusion Y1 - 2014 A1 - Arnichand, H. A1 - Sabot, R. A1 - Hacquin, S. A1 - Kramer-Flecken, A. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Citrin, J. A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Hornung, G. A1 - Bernardo, J. A1 - Bottereau, C. A1 - Clairet, F. A1 - G.L. Falchetto A1 - Giacalone, J. AB -This letter reports on quasi-coherent (QC) modes observed in fluctuation spectra from Tore Supra and TEXTOR reflectometers. QC modes have characteristics in between coherent and broad-band fluctuations as they oscillate around a given frequency but have a wide spectrum. They are ballooned at the LFS midplane and appear usually on a frequency ranging from 30 to 120 kHz. In ohmic plasmas from both tokamaks, QC modes are detected only in linear ohmic confinement (LOC) regime and disappear in saturated ohmic confinement (SOC) regime. Linear simulations from Tore Supra predict that the LOC and SOC regimes are dominated by electron and ion modes respectively. Measurements of the perpendicular velocity of density fluctuations have been made from the top of TEXTOR by poloidal correlation reflectometry. They suggest that QC modes have a phase velocity ∼400 m s −1 higher in the electron diamagnetic direction than lower frequency fluctuations. Additionally, the onset of QC modes during electron cyclotron resonance heating has been observed in a Tore Supra region where turbulence is suspected to be driven by electron modes. These experimental results and instability calculations show a correlation between onsets of QC modes and predictions of trapped electron modes.

VL - 54 IS - 12 U1 -FP

U2 -CPP-HT

U5 - e609e9cd25503eb84da96d315a3025c4 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Collisionality scaling in Tore Supra: detailed energy confinement analysis, turbulence measurements and gyrokinetic modelling JF - Nuclear Fusion Y1 - 2011 A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Gerbaud, T. A1 - Vermare, L. A1 - Casati, A. A1 - Aniel, T. A1 - Artaud, J. F. A1 - Basiuk, V. A1 - Bucalossi, J. A1 - Clairet, F. A1 - Corre, Y. A1 - Devynck, P. A1 - Falchetto, G. A1 - Fenzi, C. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Guirlet, R. A1 - Gurcan, O. A1 - Heuraux, S. A1 - Hennequin, P. A1 - Hoang, G. T. A1 - Imbeaux, F. A1 - Manenc, L. A1 - Monier-Garbet, P. A1 - Moreau, P. A1 - Sabot, R. A1 - Segui, J. L. A1 - Sirinelli, A. A1 - Villegas, D. KW - DENSITY PROFILE MEASUREMENTS KW - DEPENDENCE KW - Heat KW - ION KW - ITER KW - JET KW - PARTICLE-TRANSPORT KW - PEAKING KW - REFLECTOMETRY KW - TOKAMAK AB - A collisionality scaling experiment associating a confinement analysis, turbulence measurements across the whole plasma and gyrokinetic modelling is reported. In Tore Supra L-mode plasmas, mid-radius dimensionless collisionality nu* has been varied performing a four-points scan from similar or equal to 0.1 to similar or equal to 0.7. The normalized confinement time exhibits a dependence with respect to collisionality: B tau(E) proportional to nu*(-0.3 +/- 0.3) which is strongly modified when accounting for the confinement dependence on the normalized Larmor radius, rho*, and normalized pressure, beta, since one obtains B tau(E) proportional to nu*(0.0 +/- 0.7). This weak dependence is consistent with ITER L mode scaling laws and dedicated experiments elsewhere (Luce 2008 Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 50 043001). The global analysis is confirmed by normalized effective heat transport coefficients which do not vary outside their error bars in a limited radial range of reliability. The analysis is completed by density fluctuation delta n(e)/n(e) measurements across the whole plasmas. For normalized radius r/a < 0.7, delta n(e)/n(e) does not depart from its error bars and the radial wave-vector spectra are not modified. These observations are well reproduced by non-linear gyrokinetic simulations, where, despite high nu* values, no zonal flow damping mechanism is at play. At the plasma edge (r/a > 0.7), the lowest poloidal wave-vector measured by the Doppler reflectometer exhibits a decrease in delta n(e)/n(e) with increasing nu*, while the other turbulence measurements remain unaffected. VL - 51 SN - 0029-5515 IS - 6 U1 - FP U2 - CPP-HT U5 - c90cff5e42cb36d352b7f3f2e4db2385 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Core transport properties in JT-60U and JET identity plasmas JF - Nuclear Fusion Y1 - 2011 A1 - X. Litaudon A1 - Sakamoto, Y. A1 - de Vries, P. C. A1 - Salmi, A. A1 - Tala, T. A1 - Angioni, C. A1 - Benkadda, S. A1 - Beurskens, M. N. A. A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Brix, M. A1 - Crombe, K. A1 - Fujita, T. A1 - Futatani, S. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Giroud, C. A1 - Hawkes, N. C. A1 - Hayashi, N. A1 - Hoang, G. T. A1 - Hogeweij, G. M. D. A1 - Matsunaga, G. A1 - Nakano, T. A1 - Oyama, N. A1 - Parail, V. A1 - Shinohara, K. A1 - Suzuki, T. A1 - Takechi, M. A1 - Takenaga, H. A1 - Takizuka, T. A1 - Urano, H. A1 - Voitsekhovitch, I. A1 - Yoshida, M. KW - BARRIERS KW - DENSITY PEAKING KW - NEOCLASSICAL TRANSPORT KW - TCV KW - TOKAMAK PLASMAS AB -The paper compares the transport properties of a set of dimensionless identity experiments performed between JET and JT-60U in the advanced tokamak regime with internal transport barrier, ITB. These International Tokamak Physics Activity, ITPA, joint experiments were carried out with the same plasma shape, toroidal magnetic field ripple and dimensionless profiles as close as possible during the ITB triggering phase in terms of safety factor, normalized Larmor radius, normalized collision frequency, thermal beta, ratio of ion to electron temperatures. Similarities in the ITB triggering mechanisms and sustainment were observed when a good match was achieved of the most relevant normalized profiles except the toroidal Mach number. Similar thermal ion transport levels in the two devices have been measured in either monotonic or non-monotonic q-profiles. In contrast, differences between JET and JT-60U were observed on the electron thermal and particle confinement in reversed magnetic shear configurations. It was found that the larger shear reversal in the very centre (inside normalized radius of 0.2) of JT-60U plasmas allowed the sustainment of stronger electron density ITBs compared with JET. As a consequence of peaked density profile, the core bootstrap current density is more than five times higher in JT-60U compared with JET. Thanks to the bootstrap effect and the slightly broader neutral beam deposition, reversed magnetic shear configurations are self-sustained in JT-60U scenarios. Analyses of similarities and differences between the two devices address key questions on the validity of the usual assumptions made in ITER steady scenario modelling, e. g. a flat density profile in the core with thermal transport barrier? Such assumptions have consequences on the prediction of fusion performance, bootstrap current and on the sustainment of the scenario.

VL - 51 SN - 0029-5515 IS - 7 N1 - ISI Document Delivery No.: 781LITimes Cited: 0Cited Reference Count: 31 U1 -FP

U2 -PDG

U5 - 84b4980479d5b738ec4d26f9fd404727 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - TORE SUPRA Team Mmembers 1988-2008 JF - Fusion Science and Technology Y1 - 2009 A1 - Abgrall, R. A1 - Achard, M. H. A1 - Adam, J. A1 - Agarici, G. A1 - Agostini, E. A1 - Airaj, M. A1 - Albajar-Vinas, F. A1 - Allegretti, L. A1 - Allibert, J. P. A1 - Alliez, J. C. A1 - Allouche, A. A1 - Andreoletti, J. A1 - Ane, J. M. A1 - Angelino, P. A1 - Aniel, T. A1 - Antar, G. A1 - Arcis, N. A1 - Argouarch, A. A1 - Arnas, C. A1 - Arnoux, G. A1 - Arslanbekov, R. A1 - Artaud, J. F. A1 - Asp, E. A1 - Assas, S. A1 - Atttuel, G. A1 - Aymar, R. A1 - Azeroual, A. A1 - Balme, S. A1 - Barana, O. A1 - Bareyt, B. A1 - Basiuk, V. A1 - Basko, M. A1 - Bayetti, P. A1 - Baylor, L. A1 - Beaumont, B. A1 - Becherer, R. A1 - Becoulet, A. A1 - Becoulet, M. A1 - Begrambekov, L. A1 - Benkadda, S. A1 - Benoit, F. A1 - Bergeaud, V. A1 - Berger-By, G. A1 - Berio, S. A1 - Bernascolle, P. A1 - Bernier, N. A1 - Berroukeche, M. A1 - Bertrand, B. A1 - Bessette, D. A1 - Beyer, P. A1 - Bibet, P. A1 - Bizzaro, J. A1 - Blanchard, P. A1 - Blum, J. A1 - Boddeker, S. A1 - Boilson, D. A1 - Mardion, G. B. A1 - Bonnel, P. A1 - Bonnin, X. A1 - Boscary, J. A1 - Bosia, G. A1 - Bottereau, J. M. A1 - Bottiglioni, F. A1 - Bottollier-Curtet, H. A1 - Bouchand, C. A1 - Bouligand, G. A1 - Bouquey, F. A1 - Bourdelle, C. A1 - Bregeon, R. A1 - Bremond, F. A1 - Bremond, S. A1 - Breton, C. A1 - Breton, M. A1 - Brosset, C. A1 - Brugnetti, R. A1 - Bruneau, J. L. A1 - Bucalossi, J. A1 - Budny, R. V. A1 - Buravand, Y. A1 - Bush, C. A1 - Bussac, M. N. A1 - Cambe, A. A1 - Capes, H. A1 - Capitain, J. J. A1 - Cara, P. A1 - Carbonnier, J. L. A1 - Carpentier, S. A1 - Carrasco, J. A1 - Casati, A. A1 - Chaibi, O. A1 - Chamouard, C. A1 - Chantant, M. A1 - Chappuis, P. A1 - Chatain, D. A1 - Chatelier, E. A1 - Chatelier, M. A1 - Chatenet, J. H. A1 - Chen, X. P. A1 - Cherigier, L. A1 - Chevet, G. A1 - Chiarazzo, L. A1 - Ciazynski, D. A1 - Ciraolo, G. A1 - Cismondi, F. A1 - Clairet, F. A1 - Clary, J. A1 - Clement, C. A1 - Colas, L. A1 - Commaux, N. A1 - Corbel, E. A1 - Cordier, J. J. A1 - Corre, Y. A1 - Costanzo, L. A1 - Cote, A. A1 - Coulon, J. P. A1 - Courtois, L. A1 - Courtois, X. A1 - Couturier, B. A1 - Crenn, J. P. A1 - Cristofani, P. A1 - Crouseilles, N. A1 - Czarny, O. A1 - Rosa, P. D. A1 - Darbos, C. A1 - Darmet, G. A1 - Davi, M. A1 - Daviot, R. A1 - De Esch, H. A1 - De Gentile, B. A1 - De Haas, J. C. A1 - De La Cal, E. A1 - De Michelis, C. A1 - Deck, C. A1 - Decker, J. A1 - Decool, P. A1 - Degond, P. A1 - Dejarnac, R. A1 - Delchambre, E. A1 - Delmas, E. A1 - Delpech, L. A1 - Demarthe, H. A1 - Dentan, M. A1 - Depret, G. A1 - Deschamps, P. A1 - Desgranges, C. A1 - Devynck, P. A1 - Doceul, L. A1 - Dolgetta, N. A1 - Doloc, C. A1 - Dong, Y. A1 - Dore, P. A1 - Douai, D. A1 - Dougnac, H. A1 - Drawin, H. W. A1 - Druaux, J. A1 - Druetta, M. A1 - Dubois, F. A1 - Dubois, M. A1 - Dubuit, N. A1 - Duchateau, J. L. A1 - de Wit, T. D. A1 - Dufour, E. A1 - Dumont, R. A1 - Dunand, G. A1 - Dupas, L. A1 - Duran, Y. A1 - Durocher, A. A1 - Edery, D. A1 - Ekedahl, A. A1 - Elbeze, D. A1 - Eriksson, L. G. A1 - Escande, D. A1 - Escarguel, A. A1 - Escourbiac, F. A1 - Evans, T. A1 - Faisse, F. A1 - Falchetto, G. A1 - Fall, T. A1 - Farge, M. A1 - Farjon, J. L. A1 - Faudot, E. A1 - Fazilleau, P. A1 - Fedorczak, N. A1 - Fenzi-Bonizec, C. A1 - Ferron, J. R. A1 - Fidone, I. A1 - Figarella, C. A1 - Fleurence, E. A1 - Fleury, I. A1 - Fois, M. A1 - Forrest, C. A1 - Foster, C. A. A1 - Fouquet, S. A1 - Fourment, C. A1 - Fraboulet, D. A1 - Francois, P. A1 - Franel, B. A1 - Frigione, D. A1 - Froissard, P. A1 - Fubiani, G. A1 - Fuchs, V. A1 - Fumelli, M. A1 - Gagey, B. A1 - Galindo, V. A1 - Gambier, D. A1 - Garampon, L. A1 - Garbet, X. A1 - Garbil, R. A1 - J. Garcia A1 - Gardarein, J. L. A1 - Gargiulo, L. A1 - Garibaldi, P. A1 - Garin, P. A1 - Gauthier, E. A1 - Geraud, A. A1 - Gerbaud, T. A1 - Gervais, F. A1 - Geynet, M. A1 - Ghendrih, P. A1 - Gianakon, T. A1 - Giannella, R. A1 - Gil, C. A1 - Girard, J. P. A1 - Giruzzi, G. A1 - Godbert-Mouret, L. A1 - Gomez, P. A1 - Goniche, M. A1 - Gordeev, A. A1 - Granata, G. A1 - Grandgirard, V. A1 - Gravier, R. A1 - Gravil, B. A1 - Gregoire, M. A1 - Gregoire, S. A1 - Grelot, P. A1 - Gresillon, D. A1 - Grisolia, C. A1 - Gros, G. A1 - Grosman, A. A1 - Grua, P. A1 - Guerin, O. A1 - Guigon, R. A1 - Guilhem, D. A1 - Guillerminet, B. A1 - Guirlet, R. A1 - Guiziou, L. A1 - Gunn, J. A1 - Hacquin, S. A1 - Harris, J. A1 - Haste, G. A1 - Hatchressian, J. C. A1 - Hemsworth, R. A1 - Hennequin, P. A1 - Hennion, F. A1 - Hennion, V. A1 - Henry, D. A1 - Hernandez, C. A1 - Hertout, P. A1 - Hess, W. A1 - Hesse, M. A1 - Heuraux, S. A1 - Hillairet, J. A1 - Hoang, G. T. A1 - Hogan, J. A1 - Hong, S. H. A1 - Honore, C. A1 - Horton, L. A1 - Horton, W. W. A1 - Houlberg, W. A. A1 - Hourtoule, J. A1 - Houry, M. A1 - Houy, P. A1 - How, J. A1 - Hron, M. A1 - Hutter, T. A1 - Huynh, P. A1 - Huysmans, G. A1 - Idmtal, J. A1 - Imbeaux, F. A1 - Isler, R. A1 - Jaben, C. A1 - Jacquinot, J. A1 - Jacquot, C. A1 - Jager, B. A1 - Jaunet, M. A1 - Javon, C. A1 - Jelea, A. A1 - Jequier, F. A1 - Jie, Y. X. A1 - Jimenez, R. A1 - Joffrin, E. A1 - Johner, J. A1 - Jourd'heuil, L. A1 - Journeaux, J. Y. A1 - Joyer, P. A1 - Ju, M. A1 - Jullien, F. A1 - Junique, F. A1 - Kaye, S. M. A1 - Kazarian, F. A1 - Khodja, H. A1 - Klepper, C. A1 - Kocan, M. A1 - Koski, J. A1 - Krivenski, V. A1 - Krylov, A. A1 - Kupfer, K. A1 - Kuus, H. A1 - Labit, B. A1 - Laborde, L. A1 - Lacroix, B. A1 - Ladurelle, L. A1 - Lafon, D. A1 - Lamaison, V. A1 - Laporte, P. A1 - Lasalle, J. A1 - Latu, G. A1 - Laugier, F. A1 - Laurent, L. A1 - Lausenaz, Y. A1 - Laviron, C. A1 - Layet, J. M. A1 - Le Bris, A. A1 - Le Coz, F. A1 - Le Niliot, C. A1 - Le Bris, A. A1 - Leclert, G. A1 - Lecoustey, P. A1 - Ledyankinc, A. A1 - Leloup, C. A1 - Lennholm, M. A1 - Leroux, F. A1 - Li, Y. Y. A1 - Libeyre, P. A1 - Linez, F. A1 - Lipa, M. A1 - Lippmann, S. A1 - X. Litaudon A1 - Liu, W. D. A1 - Loarer, T. A1 - Lott, F. A1 - Lotte, P. A1 - Lowry, C. A1 - Luciani, J. F. A1 - Lutjens, H. A1 - Luty, J. A1 - Lutz, T. A1 - Lyraud, C. A1 - Maas, A. A1 - Macor, A. A1 - Madeleine, S. A1 - Magaud, P. A1 - Maget, P. A1 - Magne, R. A1 - Mahdavi, A. A1 - Mahe, F. A1 - J. Mailloux A1 - Mandl, W. A1 - Manenc, L. A1 - Marandet, Y. A1 - Marbach, G. A1 - Marechal, J. L. A1 - Martin, C. A1 - Martin, G. A1 - Martin, V. A1 - Martinez, A. A1 - Martins, J. P. A1 - Maschke, E. A1 - Masse, L. A1 - Masset, R. A1 - Massmann, P. A1 - Mattioli, M. A1 - Mayaux, G. A1 - Mayoral, M. L. A1 - Mazon, D. A1 - McGrath, R. A1 - Mercier, C. A1 - Meslin, B. A1 - Meunier, L. A1 - Meyer, O. A1 - Michelot, Y. A1 - Million, L. A1 - Millot, P. A1 - Minguella, G. A1 - Minot, F. A1 - Mioduszewski, P. A1 - Misguich, J. H. A1 - Miskane, F. A1 - Missirlian, M. A1 - Mitteau, R. A1 - Moerel, F. A1 - Mollard, P. A1 - Monakhov, I. A1 - Moncada, V. A1 - Moncel, L. A1 - Monier-Garbet, P. A1 - Moreau, D. A1 - Moreau, F. A1 - Moreau, P. A1 - Morera, J. P. A1 - Moret, J. M. A1 - Moulin, B. A1 - Moulin, D. A1 - Mourgues, F. A1 - Moustier, M. A1 - Nakach, R. A1 - Nannini, M. A1 - Nanobashvili, I. A1 - Nardon, E. A1 - Navarra, P. A1 - Nehme, H. A1 - Nguyen, C. A1 - Nguyen, F. A1 - Nicollet, S. A1 - Nygren, R. A1 - Ogorodnikova, O. A1 - Olivain, J. A1 - Orlandelli, P. A1 - Ottaviani, M. A1 - Ouvrier-Buffet, P. A1 - Ouyang, Z. A1 - Owen, L. A1 - Pacella, D. A1 - Pain, M. A1 - Pamela, J. A1 - Pamela, S. A1 - Panek, R. A1 - Panzarella, A. A1 - Paris, R. A1 - Parisot, T. A1 - Park, S. H. A1 - Parlange, F. A1 - Parrat, H. A1 - Pastor, G. A1 - Pastor, P. A1 - Pastor, T. A1 - Patris, R. A1 - Paume, M. A1 - Payan, J. A1 - Pecquet, A. L. A1 - Pegourie, B. A1 - Petrov, Y. A1 - Petrzilka, V. A1 - Peysson, Y. A1 - Piat, D. A1 - Picchiottino, J. M. A1 - Pierre, J. A1 - Platz, P. A1 - Portafaix, C. A1 - Prou, M. A1 - Pugno, R. A1 - Putchy, L. A1 - Qin, C. M. A1 - Quallis, L. A1 - Quemeneur, A. A1 - Quet, P. A1 - Rabaglino, E. A1 - Raharijaona, J. J. A1 - Ramette, J. A1 - Ravenel, N. A1 - Rax, J. M. A1 - Reichle, R. A1 - Renard, B. A1 - Renner, H. A1 - Reuss, J. D. A1 - Reux, C. A1 - Reverdin, C. A1 - Rey, G. A1 - Reynaud, P. A1 - Riband, P. H. A1 - Richou, M. A1 - Rigollet, F. A1 - Rimini, F. A1 - Riquet, D. A1 - Rochard, F. A1 - Rodriguez, L. A1 - Romanelli, M. A1 - Romannikov, A. A1 - Rosanvallon, S. A1 - Roth, J. A1 - Rothan, B. A1 - Roubin, J. P. A1 - Roubin, P. A1 - Roupillard, G. A1 - Roussel, P. A1 - Ruggieri, R. A1 - Sabathier, F. A1 - Sabbagh, S. A. A1 - Sabot, R. A1 - Saha, S. K. A1 - Saint-Laurent, F. A1 - Salasca, S. A1 - Salmon, T. A1 - Salvador, J. A1 - Samaille, F. A1 - Samain, A. A1 - Santagiustina, A. A1 - Saoutic, B. A1 - Sarazin, Y. A1 - Schild, T. A1 - Schlosser, J. A1 - Schneider, M. A1 - Schneider, K. A1 - Schunke, B. A1 - Schwander, F. A1 - Schwob, J. L. A1 - Sebelin, E. A1 - Segui, J. L. A1 - Seigneur, A. A1 - Shepard, T. A1 - Shigin, P. A1 - Signoret, J. A1 - Simoncini, J. A1 - Simonet, F. A1 - Simonin, A. A1 - Sirinelli, A. A1 - Sledziewski, Z. A1 - Smits, F. A1 - Soler, K. A1 - Sonato, P. G. A1 - Song, S. D. A1 - Sonnendrucker, E. A1 - Sourd, F. A1 - Spitz, P. A1 - Spuig, P. A1 - Stamm, R. A1 - Stephan, Y. A1 - Stirling, W. A1 - Stockel, J. A1 - Stott, P. A1 - Sthal, K. S. A1 - Surle, F. A1 - Svensson, L. A1 - Tachon, J. A1 - Talvard, M. A1 - Tamain, P. A1 - Tavian, L. A1 - Tena, M. A1 - Theis, J. M. A1 - Thomas, C. E. A1 - Thomas, P. A1 - Thonnat, M. A1 - Tobin, S. A1 - Tokar, M. A1 - Tonon, G. A1 - Torossian, A. A1 - Torre, A. A1 - Trainham, R. C. A1 - Travere, J. M. A1 - Tresset, G. A1 - Trier, E. A1 - Truc, A. A1 - Tsitrone, E. A1 - Turck, B. A1 - Turco, F. A1 - Turlur, S. A1 - Uckan, T. A1 - Udintsev, V. A1 - Urguijo, G. A1 - Utzel, N. A1 - Vallet, J. C. A1 - Valter, J. A1 - Van Houtte, D. A1 - Van Rompuy, T. A1 - Vatry, A. A1 - Verga, A. A1 - Vermare, L. A1 - Vezard, D. A1 - Viallet, H. A1 - Villecroze, F. A1 - Villedieu, E. A1 - Villegas, D. A1 - Vincent, E. A1 - Voitsekovitch, I. A1 - von Hellermann, M. A1 - Voslamber, D. A1 - Voyer, D. A1 - Vulliez, K. A1 - Wachter, C. A1 - Wagner, T. A1 - Waller, V. A1 - Wang, G. A1 - Wang, Z. A1 - Watkins, J. A1 - Weisse, J. A1 - White, R. A1 - Wijnands, T. A1 - Witrant, E. A1 - Worms, J. A1 - Xiao, W. A1 - Yu, D. A1 - Zabeo, L. A1 - Zabiego, M. A1 - Zani, L. A1 - Zhuang, G. A1 - Zou, X. L. A1 - Zucchi, E. A1 - Zunino, K. A1 - Zwingmann, W. VL - 56 SN - 1536-1055 UR -