The successful use of a tokamak for generating fusion power requires an active control of magnetic instabilities, such as neoclassical tearing modes (NTMs). Commonly, the NTM location is determined using electron cyclotron emission (ECE) and this is used to apply electron cyclotron heating (ECH) on the NTM location. In this paper, an inline ECE set-up at ASDEX Upgrade is presented in which ECE is measured and ECH is applied via the same path. First results are presented and a means to interpret the measurement data is given. Amplitude and phase with respect to a reference magnetic signal are calculated. Based on the amplitude and phase, the time of mode crossing is determined and shown to compare well with real-time estimates of the mode crossing time. The ECH launcher and [formula]; flux surface geometries at ASDEX Upgrade, which are optimized for current drive by a beam path that is tangential to the flux surface near deposition, make it difficult to identify the mode crossing without inline ECE launcher movement. Therefore, NTM control based on inline ECE requires launcher movement to determine and maintain a reliable estimate of the NTM location.

VL - 59 IS - 1 U1 -FP

U2 -IMM

U5 - 2bc2830faba9c0bb417e0bdddbc5e96e ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Collective Thomson scattering measurements of fast-ion transport due to sawtooth crashes in ASDEX Upgrade JF - Nuclear Fusion Y1 - 2016 A1 - Rasmussen, J. A1 - Nielsen, S. K. A1 - Stejner, M. A1 - Galdon-Quiroga, J. A1 - M. García-Muñoz A1 - Geiger, B. A1 - Jacobsen, A. S. A1 - Jaulmes, F. A1 - Korsholm, S. B. A1 - Lazanyi, N. A1 - Leipold, F. A1 - Ryter, F. A1 - Salewski, M. A1 - Schubert, M. A1 - Stober, J. A1 - Wagner, D. A1 - ASDEX Upgrade Team A1 - EUROfusion MST1 Team AB -Sawtooth instabilities can modify heating and current-drive profiles and potentially increase fast-ion losses. Understanding how sawteeth redistribute fast ions as a function of sawtooth parameters and of fast-ion energy and pitch is hence a subject of particular interest for future fusion devices. Here we present the first collective Thomson scattering (CTS) measurements of sawtooth-induced redistribution of fast ions at ASDEX Upgrade. These also represent the first localized fast-ion measurements on the high-field side of this device. The results indicate fast-ion losses in the phase-space measurement volume of about 50% across sawtooth crashes, in good agreement with values predicted with the Kadomtsev sawtooth model implemented in TRANSP and with the sawtooth model in the EBdyna_go code. In contrast to the case of sawteeth, we observe no fast-ion redistribution in the presence of fishbone modes. We highlight how CTS measurements can discriminate between different sawtooth models, in particular when aided by multi-diagnostic velocity-space tomography, and briefly discuss our results in light of existing measurements from other fast-ion diagnostics.

VL - 56 UR - http://www.euro-fusionscipub.org/wp-content/uploads/eurofusion/WPMST1PR16_14817_submitted.pdf IS - 11 U1 -FP

U2 -IMM

U3 - FP120 U5 - eddb183650ee17cb3ca57e0115ea119f ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Development of Resonant Diplexers for high-power ECRH – Status, Applications, Plans JF - EPJ Web of Conferences Y1 - 2015 A1 - Kasparek, W. A1 - Plaum, B. A1 - Lechte, C. A1 - Wu, Z. A1 - Wang, H. A1 - Maraschek, M. A1 - Stober, J. A1 - van den Brand, H. A1 - Bongers, W. A1 - Wagner, D. A1 - Reich, M. A1 - Schubert, M. A1 - Grünwald, G. A1 - Monaco, F. A1 - Müller, S. A1 - Schütz, H. A1 - Erckmann, V. A1 - Doelman, N. A1 - Van den Braber, R. A1 - Klop, W. A1 - Krijger, B. A1 - Petelin, M. A1 - Koposova, E. A1 - Lubyako, L. A1 - Bruschi, A. A1 - Sakamoto, K. A1 - teams at the contributing institutes A1 - ASDEX Upgrade Team VL - 87 U1 - MaSF U2 - MaSF-E U5 - af697d7f1266e4cb40e18cc68c2ff676 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Measurements of the fast-ion distribution function at ASDEX upgrade by collective Thomson scattering (CTS) using active and passive views JF - Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Y1 - 2015 A1 - Nielsen, S.K. A1 - Stejner, M. A1 - Rasmussen, J. A1 - Jacobsen, A. S. A1 - Korsholm, S. B. A1 - Leipold, F. A1 - Maraschek, M. A1 - Meo, F. A1 - Michelsen, P. K. A1 - Moseev, D. A1 - Salewski, M. A1 - Schubert, M. A1 - Stober, J. A1 - Suttrop, W. A1 - Tardini, G. A1 - Wagner, D. AB - Collective Thomson scattering (CTS) can provide measurements of the confined fast-ion distribution function resolved in space, time and 1D velocity space. On ASDEX Upgrade, the measured spectra include an additional signal which previously has hampered data interpretation. A new set-up using two independent heterodyne receiver systems enables subtraction of the additional part from the total spectrum, revealing the resulting CTS spectrum. Here we present CTS measurements from the plasma centre obtained in L-mode and H-mode plasmas with and without neutral beam injection (NBI). For the first time, the measured spectra agree quantitatively with the synthetic spectra in periods with and without NBI heating. For the discharges investigated, the central velocity distribution of neutral beam ions can be described by classical slowing down. These results will have a major impact on ITER physics exploration, since CTS is presently the only diagnostic to measure the confined alpha particles produced by the fusion reactions. VL - 57 IS - 3 U1 - FP U2 - PDG U5 - 428c8b386186e809125a64e543a5c5b2 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Multifrequency Notch Filter for Millimeter Wave Plasma Diagnostics based on Photonic Bandgaps in Corrugated Circular Waveguides JF - EPJ Web of Conferences Y1 - 2015 A1 - Wagner, D. A1 - Bongers, W. A1 - Kasparek, W. A1 - Leuterer, F. A1 - Monaco, F. A1 - M. Münich A1 - Schütz, H. A1 - Stober, J. A1 - Thumm, M. A1 - van de Brand, H. VL - 87 U1 - MaSF U2 - MaSF-E U5 - 26a8cda6694a646ba2b4d3ffdf790250 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Overview of ASDEX Upgrade results JF - Nuclear Fusion Y1 - 2013 A1 - Stroth, U. A1 - Adamek, J. A1 - Aho-Mantila, L. A1 - Akaslompolo, S. A1 - Amdor, C. A1 - Angioni, C. A1 - Balden, M. A1 - Bardin, S. A1 - L. Barrera Orte A1 - Behler, K. A1 - Belonohy, E. A1 - Bergmann, A. A1 - Bernert, M. A1 - Bilato, R. A1 - Birkenmeier, G. A1 - Bobkov, V. A1 - Boom, J. A1 - Bottereau, C. A1 - Bottino, A. A1 - Braun, F. A1 - Brezinsek, S. A1 - Brochard, T. A1 - M. Brüdgam A1 - Buhler, A. A1 - Burckhart, A. A1 - Casson, F. J. A1 - Chankin, A. A1 - Chapman, I. A1 - Clairet, F. A1 - Classen, I.G.J. A1 - Coenen, J. W. A1 - Conway, G. D. A1 - Coster, D. P. A1 - Curran, D. A1 - da Silva, F. A1 - P. de Marné A1 - D'Inca, R. A1 - Douai, D. A1 - Drube, R. A1 - Dunne, M. A1 - Dux, R. A1 - Eich, T. A1 - Eixenberger, H. A1 - Endstrasser, N. A1 - Engelhardt, K. A1 - Esposito, B. A1 - Fable, E. A1 - Fischer, R. A1 - H. Fünfgelder A1 - Fuchs, J. C. A1 - K. Gál A1 - M. García Muñoz A1 - Geiger, B. A1 - Giannone, L. A1 - T. Görler A1 - da Graca, S. A1 - Greuner, H. A1 - Gruber, O. A1 - Gude, A. A1 - Guimarais, L. A1 - S. Günter A1 - Haas, G. A1 - Hakola, A. H. A1 - Hangan, D. A1 - Happel, T. A1 - T. Härtl A1 - Hauff, T. A1 - Heinemann, B. A1 - Herrmann, A. A1 - Hobirk, J. A1 - H. Höhnle A1 - M. Hölzl A1 - Hopf, C. A1 - Houben, A. A1 - Igochine, V. A1 - Ionita, C. A1 - Janzer, A. A1 - Jenko, F. A1 - Kantor, M. A1 - C.-P. Käsemann A1 - Kallenbach, A. A1 - S. Kálvin A1 - Kantor, M. A1 - Kappatou, A. A1 - Kardaun, O. A1 - Kasparek, W. A1 - Kaufmann, M. A1 - Kirk, A. A1 - H.-J. Klingshirn A1 - Kocan, M. A1 - Kocsis, G. A1 - Konz, C. A1 - Koslowski, R. A1 - Krieger, K. A1 - Kubic, M. A1 - Kurki-Suonio, T. A1 - Kurzan, B. A1 - Lackner, K. A1 - Lang, P. T. A1 - Lauber, P. A1 - Laux, M. A1 - Lazaros, A. A1 - Leipold, F. A1 - Leuterer, F. A1 - Lindig, S. A1 - Lisgo, S. A1 - Lohs, A. A1 - Lunt, T. A1 - Maier, H. A1 - Makkonen, T. A1 - Mank, K. A1 - M.-E. Manso A1 - Maraschek, M. A1 - Mayer, M. A1 - McCarthy, P. J. A1 - McDermott, R. A1 - Mehlmann, F. A1 - Meister, H. A1 - Menchero, L. A1 - Meo, F. A1 - Merkel, P. A1 - Merkel, R. A1 - Mertens, V. A1 - Merz, F. A1 - Mlynek, A. A1 - Monaco, F. A1 - Müller, S. A1 - H.W. Müller A1 - M. Münich A1 - Neu, G. A1 - Neu, R. A1 - Neuwirth, D. A1 - Nocente, M. A1 - Nold, B. A1 - Noterdaeme, J. M. A1 - Pautasso, G. A1 - Pereverzev, G. A1 - B. Plöckl A1 - Podoba, Y. A1 - Pompon, F. A1 - Poli, E. A1 - Polozhiy, K. A1 - Potzel, S. A1 - Puschel, M. J. A1 - Putterich, T. A1 - Rathgeber, S. K. A1 - Raupp, G. A1 - Reich, M. A1 - Reimold, F. A1 - Ribeiro, T. A1 - Riedl, R. A1 - Rohde, V. A1 - van Rooij, G. J. A1 - Roth, J. A1 - Rott, M. A1 - Ryter, F. A1 - Salewski, M. A1 - Santos, J. A1 - Sauter, P. A1 - Scarabosio, A. A1 - Schall, G. A1 - Schmid, K. A1 - Schneider, P. A. A1 - Schneider, W. A1 - Schrittwieser, R. A1 - Schubert, M. A1 - Schweinzer, J. A1 - Scott, B. A1 - Sempf, M. A1 - Sertoli, M. A1 - Siccinio, M. A1 - Sieglin, B. A1 - Sigalov, A. A1 - Silva, A. A1 - Sommer, F. A1 - A. Stäbler A1 - Stober, J. A1 - Streibl, B. A1 - Strumberger, E. A1 - Sugiyama, K. A1 - Suttrop, W. A1 - Tala, T. A1 - Tardini, G. A1 - Teschke, M. A1 - Tichmann, C. A1 - Told, D. A1 - Treutterer, W. A1 - Tsalas, M. A1 - VanZeeland, M. A. A1 - Varela, P. A1 - Veres, G. A1 - Vicente, J. A1 - Vianello, N. A1 - Vierle, T. A1 - Viezzer, E. A1 - Viola, B. A1 - Vorpahl, C. A1 - Wachowski, M. A1 - Wagner, D. A1 - Wauters, T. A1 - Weller, A. A1 - Wenninger, R. A1 - Wieland, B. A1 - Willensdorfer, M. A1 - Wischmeier, M. A1 - Wolfrum, E. A1 - E. Würsching A1 - Yu, Q. A1 - Zammuto, I. A1 - Zasche, D. A1 - Zehetbauer, T. A1 - Zhang, Y. A1 - Zilker, M. A1 - Zohm, H. AB - The medium size divertor tokamak ASDEX Upgrade (major and minor radii 1.65 m and 0.5 m, respectively, magnetic-field strength 2.5 T) possesses flexible shaping and versatile heating and current drive systems. Recently the technical capabilities were extended by increasing the electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) power, by installing 2 × 8 internal magnetic perturbation coils, and by improving the ion cyclotron range of frequency compatibility with the tungsten wall. With the perturbation coils, reliable suppression of large type-I edge localized modes (ELMs) could be demonstrated in a wide operational window, which opens up above a critical plasma pedestal density. The pellet fuelling efficiency was observed to increase which gives access to H-mode discharges with peaked density profiles at line densities clearly exceeding the empirical Greenwald limit. Owing to the increased ECRH power of 4 MW, H-mode discharges could be studied in regimes with dominant electron heating and low plasma rotation velocities, i.e. under conditions particularly relevant for ITER. The ion-pressure gradient and the neoclassical radial electric field emerge as key parameters for the transition. Using the total simultaneously available heating power of 23 MW, high performance discharges have been carried out where feed-back controlled radiative cooling in the core and the divertor allowed the divertor peak power loads to be maintained below 5 MW m −2 . Under attached divertor conditions, a multi-device scaling expression for the power-decay length was obtained which is independent of major radius and decreases with magnetic field resulting in a decay length of 1 mm for ITER. At higher densities and under partially detached conditions, however, a broadening of the decay length is observed. In discharges with density ramps up to the density limit, the divertor plasma shows a complex behaviour with a localized high-density region in the inner divertor before the outer divertor detaches. Turbulent transport is studied in the core and the scrape-off layer (SOL). Discharges over a wide parameter range exhibit a close link between core momentum and density transport. Consistent with gyro-kinetic calculations, the density gradient at half plasma radius determines the momentum transport through residual stress and thus the central toroidal rotation. In the SOL a close comparison of probe data with a gyro-fluid code showed excellent agreement and points to the dominance of drift waves. Intermittent structures from ELMs and from turbulence are shown to have high ion temperatures even at large distances outside the separatrix. VL - 53 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0026-E166-7 IS - 10 U1 - FP U2 - PDG U5 - 0b5b08fdc590c85cc01e6d1db1958848 ER - TY - CONF T1 - Commissioning of inline ECE system within waveguide based ECRH transmission systems on ASDEX upgrade T2 - EPJ Web of Conferences Y1 - 2012 A1 - Bongers, W. A. A1 - Kasparek, W. A1 - Doelman, N. J. A1 - Van den Braber, R. A1 - van den Brand, H. A1 - Meo, F. A1 - M.R. de Baar A1 - Amerongen, F.J. A1 - Donne, A. J. H. A1 - Elzendoorn, B. S. Q. A1 - Erckmann, V. A1 - Goede, A. P. H. A1 - Giannone, L. A1 - Grünwald, G. A1 - Hollmann, F. A1 - Kaas, G. A1 - Krijger, B. A1 - Michel, G. A1 - Lubyako, L. A1 - Monaco, F. A1 - Noke, F. A1 - Petelin, M. A1 - Plaum, B. A1 - Purps, F. A1 - ten Pierik, J. G. W. A1 - Schuller, C. A1 - Slob, J.W. A1 - Stober, J. K. A1 - Schütz, H. A1 - Wagner, D. A1 - Westerhof, E. A1 - Ronden, D. M. S. JF - EPJ Web of Conferences VL - 32 U1 - FP U2 - TP U5 - 457c4cc21fbe31a8b0ed2ebc265305ab ER - TY - CONF T1 - Controlled Mirror Motion System for Resonant Diplexers in ECRH Applications T2 - EPJ Web of Conferences Y1 - 2012 A1 - Doelman, N. J. A1 - Van den Braber, R. A1 - Kasparek, W. A1 - Erckmann, V. A1 - Bongers, W. A. A1 - Krijger, B. A1 - Stober, J. A1 - Fritz, E. A1 - Dekker, B. A1 - Klop, W. A1 - Hollmann, F. A1 - Michel, G. A1 - Noke, F. A1 - Purps, F. A1 - M.R. de Baar A1 - Maraschek, M. A1 - Monaco, F. A1 - Müller, S. A1 - Schütz, H. A1 - Wagner, D. JF - EPJ Web of Conferences VL - 32 U1 - FP U2 - TP U5 - 2e56b521157cdd6a8067e9e2abc8475a ER - TY - CONF T1 - Status of resonant diplexer development for high-power ECRH applications T2 - EPJ Web of Conferences Y1 - 2012 A1 - Kasparek, W. A1 - Plaum, B. A1 - Lechte, C. A1 - Filipovic, E. A1 - Erckmann, V. A1 - Grünwald, G. A1 - Hollmann, F. A1 - Maraschek, M. A1 - Michel, G. A1 - Monaco, F. A1 - Müller, S. A1 - Noke, F. A1 - Purps, F. A1 - Schubert, M. A1 - Schütz, H. A1 - Stober, J. A1 - Wagner, D. A1 - Van den Braber, R. A1 - Doelman, N. J. A1 - Fritz, E. A1 - Bongers, W. A. A1 - Krijger, B. A1 - Petelin, M. A1 - Lubyako, L. A1 - Bruschi, A. A1 - Sakamoto, K. JF - EPJ Web of Conferences VL - 32 U1 - FP U2 - TP U5 - 035f34446654fa626a865edaeab4feb5 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Overview of ASDEX Upgrade results JF - Nuclear Fusion Y1 - 2011 A1 - Kallenbach, A. A1 - Adamek, J. A1 - Aho-Mantila, L. A1 - Akaslompolo, S. A1 - Angioni, C. A1 - Atanasiu, C. V. A1 - Balden, M. A1 - Behler, K. A1 - Belonohy, E. A1 - Bergmann, A. A1 - Bernert, M. A1 - Bilato, R. A1 - Bobkov, V. A1 - Boom, J. A1 - Bottino, A. A1 - Braun, F. A1 - Brudgam, M. A1 - Buhler, A. A1 - Burckhart, A. A1 - Chankin, A. A1 - Classen, I.G.J. A1 - Conway, G. D. A1 - Coster, D. P. A1 - de Marne, P. A1 - D'Inca, R. A1 - Drube, R. A1 - Dux, R. A1 - Eich, T. A1 - Endstrasser, N. A1 - Engelhardt, K. A1 - Esposito, B. A1 - Fable, E. A1 - Fahrbach, H. U. A1 - Fattorini, L. A1 - Fischer, R. A1 - Flaws, A. A1 - Funfgelder, H. A1 - Fuchs, J. C. A1 - Gal, K. A1 - Munoz, M. G. A1 - Geiger, B. A1 - Adamov, M. G. A1 - Giannone, L. A1 - Giroud, C. A1 - Gorler, T. A1 - da Graca, S. A1 - Greuner, H. A1 - Gruber, O. A1 - Gude, A. A1 - Gunter, S. A1 - Haas, G. A1 - Hakola, A. H. A1 - Hangan, D. A1 - Happel, T. A1 - Hauff, T. A1 - Heinemann, B. A1 - Herrmann, A. A1 - Hicks, N. A1 - Hobirk, J. A1 - Hohnle, H. A1 - Holzl, M. A1 - Hopf, C. A1 - Horton, L. A1 - Huart, M. A1 - Igochine, V. A1 - Ionita, C. A1 - Janzer, A. A1 - Jenko, F. A1 - Kasemann, C. P. A1 - Kalvin, S. A1 - Kardaun, O. A1 - Kaufmann, M. A1 - Kirk, A. A1 - Klingshirn, H. J. A1 - Kocan, M. A1 - Kocsis, G. A1 - Kollotzek, H. A1 - Konz, C. A1 - Koslowski, R. A1 - Krieger, K. A1 - Kurki-Suonio, T. A1 - Kurzan, B. A1 - Lackner, K. A1 - Lang, P. T. A1 - Lauber, P. A1 - Laux, M. A1 - Leipold, F. A1 - Leuterer, F. A1 - Lohs, A. A1 - N C Luhmann Jr. A1 - Lunt, T. A1 - Lyssoivan, A. A1 - Maier, H. A1 - Maggi, C. A1 - Mank, K. A1 - Manso, M. E. A1 - Maraschek, M. A1 - Martin, P. A1 - Mayer, M. A1 - McCarthy, P. J. A1 - McDermott, R. A1 - Meister, H. A1 - Menchero, L. A1 - Meo, F. A1 - Merkel, P. A1 - Merkel, R. A1 - Mertens, V. A1 - Merz, F. A1 - Mlynek, A. A1 - Monaco, F. A1 - Muller, H. W. A1 - Munich, M. A1 - Murmann, H. A1 - Neu, G. A1 - Neu, R. A1 - Nold, B. A1 - Noterdaeme, J. M. A1 - Park, H. K. A1 - Pautasso, G. A1 - Pereverzev, G. A1 - Podoba, Y. A1 - Pompon, F. A1 - Poli, E. A1 - Polochiy, K. A1 - Potzel, S. A1 - Prechtl, M. A1 - Puschel, M. J. A1 - Putterich, T. A1 - Rathgeber, S. K. A1 - Raupp, G. A1 - Reich, M. A1 - Reiter, B. A1 - Ribeiro, T. A1 - Riedl, R. A1 - Rohde, V. A1 - Roth, J. A1 - Rott, M. A1 - Ryter, F. A1 - Sandmann, W. A1 - Santos, J. A1 - Sassenberg, K. A1 - Sauter, P. A1 - Scarabosio, A. A1 - Schall, G. A1 - Schmid, K. A1 - Schneider, P. A. A1 - Schneider, W. A1 - Schramm, G. A1 - Schrittwieser, R. A1 - Schweinzer, J. A1 - Scott, B. A1 - Sempf, M. A1 - Serra, F. A1 - Sertoli, M. A1 - Siccinio, M. A1 - Sigalov, A. A1 - Silva, A. A1 - Sips, A.C.C. A1 - Sommer, F. A1 - Stabler, A. A1 - Stober, J. A1 - Streibl, B. A1 - Strumberger, E. A1 - Sugiyama, K. A1 - Suttrop, W. A1 - Szepesi, T. A1 - Tardini, G. A1 - Tichmann, C. A1 - Told, D. A1 - Treutterer, W. A1 - Urso, L. A1 - Varela, P. A1 - Vincente, J. A1 - Vianello, N. A1 - Vierle, T. A1 - Viezzer, E. A1 - Vorpahl, C. A1 - Wagner, D. A1 - Weller, A. A1 - Wenninger, R. A1 - Wieland, B. A1 - Wigger, C. A1 - Willensdorfer, M. A1 - Wischmeier, M. A1 - Wolfrum, E. A1 - Wursching, E. A1 - Yadikin, D. A1 - Yu, Q. A1 - Zammuto, I. A1 - Zasche, D. A1 - Zehetbauer, T. A1 - Zhang, Y. A1 - Zilker, M. A1 - Zohm, H. KW - PHYSICS KW - REFLECTOMETRY KW - TOKAMAK AB - The ASDEX Upgrade programme is directed towards physics input to critical elements of the ITER design and the preparation of ITER operation, as well as addressing physics issues for a future DEMO design. After the finalization of the tungsten coating of the plasma facing components, the re-availability of all flywheel-generators allowed high-power operation with up to 20 MW heating power at I(p) up to 1.2 MA. Implementation of alternative ECRH schemes (140 GHz O2- and X3-mode) facilitated central heating above n(e) = 1.2 x 10(20) m(-3) and low q(95) operation at B(t) = 1.8 T. Central O2-mode heating was successfully used in high P/R discharges with 20 MW total heating power and divertor load control with nitrogen seeding. Improved energy confinement is obtained with nitrogen seeding both for type-I and type-III ELMy conditions. The main contributor is increased plasma temperature, no significant changes in the density profile have been observed. This behaviour may be explained by higher pedestal temperatures caused by ion dilution in combination with a pressure limited pedestal and hollow nitrogen profiles. Core particle transport simulations with gyrokinetic calculations have been benchmarked by dedicated discharges using variations of the ECRH deposition location. The reaction of normalized electron density gradients to variations of temperature gradients and the T(e)/T(i) ratio could be well reproduced. Doppler reflectometry studies at the L-H transition allowed the disentanglement of the interplay between the oscillatory geodesic acoustic modes, turbulent fluctuations and the mean equilibrium E x B flow in the edge negative E(r) well region just inside the separatrix. Improved pedestal diagnostics revealed also a refined picture of the pedestal transport in the fully developed H-mode type-I ELM cycle. Impurity ion transport turned out to be neoclassical in between ELMs. Electron and energy transport remain anomalous, but exhibit different recovery time scales after an ELM. After recovery of the pre-ELM profiles, strong fluctuations develop in the gradients of n(e) and T(e). The occurrence of the next ELM cannot be explained by the local current diffusion time scale, since this turns out to be too short. Fast ion losses induced by shear Alfven eigenmodes have been investigated by time-resolved energy and pitch angle measurements. This allowed the separation of the convective and diffusive loss mechanisms. VL - 51 SN - 0029-5515 IS - 9 N1 - ISI Document Delivery No.: 818DPTimes Cited: 1Cited Reference Count: 45SI U1 - FP U2 - PDG U5 - a193177a90d5b600862ca1e40bcc67af ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Magnetic island localization for NTM control by ECE viewed along the same optical path of the ECCD beam JF - Fusion Science and Technology Y1 - 2009 A1 - Bongers, W. A. A1 - Goede, A. P. H. A1 - Westerhof, E. A1 - Oosterbeek, J. W. A1 - Doelman, N. J. A1 - Schüller, F. C. A1 - M.R. de Baar A1 - Kasparek, W. A1 - Wubie, W. A1 - Wagner, D. A1 - Stober, J. KW - ASDEX UPGRADE KW - CURRENT DRIVE KW - DESIGN KW - DISCHARGES KW - ECHR/ECCD KW - ELECTRON-CYCLOTRON WAVES KW - feedback control KW - FEEDBACK-SYSTEM KW - GUIDES KW - INSTABILITIES KW - NEOCLASSICAL TEARING MODE KW - NTM stabilization KW - STABILIZATION AB - Neoclassical tearing modes (NTMs) deteriorate high-pressure tokamak plasma confinement and can be suppressed by electron cyclotron current drive (ECCD). In order to obtain efficient suppression, the ECCD power needs to be deposited at the center of an NTM magnetic island. To enhance efficiency, this power also needs to be synchronized in phase with the rotation of the island. The problem is that of real-time detection and precise localization of the island(s) in order to provide the feedback signal required to control the ECCD power deposition area with an accuracy of 1 to 2 cm. Existing schemes based on mode location, equilibrium reconstruction, and plasma profile measurements are limited in positional and temporal accuracy and moreover will become very complex when applied to ITER. To overcome these limitations, it is proposed to provide the feedback signal from electron cyclotron emission (ECE) measurements taken along the identical line of sight as traced by the incident ECCD millimeter-wave beam but in reverse direction. Experiments on TEXTOR have demonstrated a proof of principle. These measurements motivate the further development and the implementation of such an ECCD-aligned ECE system for NTM control in larger fusion machines. Possible implementation of such a system on ASDEX-Upgrade, based on waveguides equipped with a fast directional switch, is presented in this paper. Possible further development for ITER is also discussed. VL - 55 SN - 1536-1055 UR -